Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1971. Print. James, Edward, Janet James, and Paul Boyer. Notable American Women, 1607-1950. Volume III: P-Z.
http://www.greatwomen.org/adams.htm Abigail Adams and John Adams Letters, Abigail Adams Letter to Mercy Otis Warren (1776). The American People. http://longman.awl.com/nash/primarysource_6_2.htm Abigail Adams. Grolier Multimedia Encyclopedia. http://gi.grolier.com/presidents/aae/first/02pw.html Remembering The Ladies.
Marjorie Stewart Joyner was born on October 24, 1896 in Monterey, Virginia, which was the Blue Ridge Mountain area of the state. She was the granddaughter of both a slave and a slave owner. She was a very strong businesswoman and humanitarian with strong ambition and desires. When she was a teenager, she and her family joined the Great Migration, moving to Chicago, Illinois where so many African-Americans were moving for jobs and a better life. Once she arrived to Chicago, she began to study and pursue a cosmetology career.
Biography of Lydia Becker Lydia Becker the daughter of Hannibal Becker and Mary Duncuft, was born in 1827. The eldest of fifteen children, Lydia, like the rest of her sisters, was educated at home. After the death of her mother in 1855, Lydia had the responsibility of looking after her younger brothers and sisters She took up interests in Botany and Astronomy, winning an award in 1864 for her collection of dried plants. Lydia was a keen writer and was an active member of Manchester's Ladies Literacy Society. It Starts… ---------- In 1886 her first book was published and she attended a local meeting organised by the National Association for the promotion of Social Science it was here, in Manchester, that she heard Barbara Bodichon reading a paper 'Reasons for the enfranchisement of Women'.
British Writers. Scott-Kilvert, Ian, ed. Vol. VII. New York, NY: Charles Scribner's Sons, 1984.
Jane was diagnosed with tuberculosis at age four and it caused her to have spinal problems her whole life. Though her health was rough, it did not stop her dreams. As Jane was growing up, she was influenced to help the people who had less than her (Segal). Addams moved to Chicago when she was older so she can help the poor communities in need. In order to get to her goals she went to school to put to use what she learned there in life (Segal).
“Victorian America: Transformations in Everyday Life, 1875-1915.” New York: Harper Collins Publishers, 1991. Print. Yalom, Marilyn. “A History of the Wife” New York: Harper Collins Publishers, 2001. Print.
Her mother died when she was young and Grace remembered nothing about her. Her older sister Lucinda left home the first moment she could and went to live in the US. Robert didn’t blame his first born daughter for leaving home. Grace knew that Lucy always felt a sort of shame being his daughter. He was subject to prejudice everywhere he turned, even his own home.
The young girl then moved to Vicksburg to live with her sister Louvinia and to work as a housemaid. She worked hard from the time she was very young, was extremely poor, and had little opportunity to get an education. In order to escape the terrible environment created by Louvinia's husband, Sarah married Moses McWilliams when she was only fourteen years old. At eighteen she gave birth to a daughter she named Lelia. Two years later her husband died.
Clarissa (Clara) Harlowe Barton born on December 25, 1821, in North Oxford, Massachusetts, was the youngest of Stephen and Sarah Stone Barton’s five children. Clara's father, Captain Stephen Barton (1774-1862), was a successful businessman, captain of the local army and a government official in Oxford, Massachusetts. Through his memorable stories of the Indian War in Ohio and Michigan, he taught her the importance of keeping an army equipped with arms, food, clothing and medical supplies. Clara's mother, Sarah Stone Barton (1783-1851), was a liberated woman who was known for her unstable temper. Growing up, Clara stayed close to her sister Sarah Barton Vassall (1811-1874) who was also a school teacher.