Alzheimer's Disease Essay

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The elderly population is expected to increase by 19% within the next 17 years. As the population of individual’s age 65 and older continues to grow, the number of people living with dementia will continue to increase as well. Alzheimer’s disease is the most common form of dementia and is the sixth leading cause of death in the United States. Alzheimer’s disease is a progressive degenerative disorder that attacks neurons within the brain, which results in memory loss, cognitive decline, impaired language skills and changes in behavior. The onset of Alzheimer’s disease is slow. In its early stage, individuals with Alzheimer’s disease may have memory and learning impairments, problems with concentration, tend to lose valuable objects and begin having trouble planning and organizing. In the moderate stage of the disease the memory loss continues and he or she may have difficulty performing complex tasks such as paying bills and often times is confused about where they are and what day it is. Individuals who are in the latter or severe stage of the disease will see their memory continue to worsen, exhibit personality changes and will need extensive help with daily living activities.
The brain contains billions of nerve cells and arteries that nourish the brain with blood and oxygen. Signals that form memories and thoughts move through an individual nerve cell as a tiny electrical charge. Tiny bursts of charge are released by neurotransmitters that travel across the synapse. In an Alzheimer’s patient, the way the electrical charge travels and the activity of neurotransmitters are affected. As the brain is losing nerve cells, its function is impaired as well as the size of the brain shrinking dramatically. Plaques, made up of fat...

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...odontal disease and Alzheimer’s disease. It has been suggested that inflammation maybe be stimulated by fatty beta-amyloid found in plaques and tangles in the cortex. Inflammation reactive proteins such as C- reactive protein (CRP) are regulated by pro-inflammatory cytokines in response to infection or inflammation. Elevated CRP is said to be a risk for developing Alzheimer’s disease and decline in cognitive behavior.
Although it has not been proven that inflammation related to PD is the cause of AD, we are proposing that it may contribute to risk factors of AD. Current studies found reports that individuals that do not brush their teeth or follow up with routine dental care are more at risk of AD. It is plausible to say that an individual’s poor oral health can directly affect one’s overall health. Could periodontal disease lead to someone having Alzheimer’s?

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