Alzheimer’s Disease Alzheimer’s Disease (AD) is a type of dementia that is related to cognitive impairment in aging adults. In 1906 German physician Alois Alzheimer conducted an autopsy in his patient that had suffered from memory impairment and paranoia. Upon examining the patient’s brain he found significant changes in size and a number of atypical deposits around the nerve cells (Alzheimer's Association, 2014). It wasn’t until the 1970’s that increased awareness was brought to the disease. In 1980 the Alzheimer’s Association was founded and began rallying support for more research. Despite advances in modern medicine, Alzheimer’s continues to be a mysterious disease. While there are extensive clinical trials available to Alzheimer’s patients there has yet to be a cure discovered. The only certain risk factor for Alzheimer’s is aging. Aging is inevitable and therefore anyone could be at risk. Without continued research there will be no way to stop the high incidence of this disease that is sneaking in and robbing people of their precious memories. According to the 2009 census it was estimated that there were one hundred thousand people in the state of Tennessee that had been diagnosed with Alzheimer’s (Alzheimer's Association, 2014). Alzheimer’s is the sixth leading cause of death in Tennessee as well as in the United States. In 2013 it was estimated that approximately five million people in the United States has Alzheimer’s and of those, thirty-two percent are eighty-five or older (Alzheimer's Association, 2013). In 2012 Alzheimer’s was recognized by the World Health Organization as a public health priority. It estimated that there are more than thirty-five million people in the world with AD and that number could triple by 2... ... middle of paper ... ...erson loses more motor functions. Pain on movement becomes more significant as a result of immobility and stiffness of muscles and joints. The most common cause of death related to AD is aspiration pneumonia. This is caused by the person attempting to swallow and choking. The cardiovascular system eventually is unable to carry adequate oxygenated blood to the brain as brain atrophy intensifies. There is currently no cure available for Alzheimer’s Disease. Treatment is aimed at slowing the progression. With the aging baby boomer population, there is an increased need for better treatments and research. AD is quickly becoming a global crisis recognized by the World Health Organization. There is a great need for continued research into the prevention of AD. Perhaps in the near future there will be a better understanding as to why AD occurs and how it can be stopped.