American states each have individual political cultures which are important to our understanding of their political environments, behavior, and responses to particular issues. While voters probably do not consciously think about political culture and conform to that culture on election day, they seem to form cohesive clusters in different areas of the state, creating similar group political ideologies. Because of these similarities, it is possible to measure the dominant political culture within states or areas of a state, gaining insight into the mind-set of state residents. Whatever the state culture, whether liberal or conservative, participatory or exclusive, political culture identifies dominant, state-wide trends. The question remains whether there is an accurate way to measure this political culture phenomenon in the United States.
"The powers delegated. . .to the federal government are few and defined. . . .The powers reserved to the several states will extend to all the objects which, in the ordinary course of affairs, concern the lives, liberties and properties of the people and the internal order, improvement, and prosperity of the State."
In the following essay I will be talking about the disadvantages and advantages of partisan elections for state politics. I will also examine the last couple year’s election results and costs. Finally, I will discuss if partisanship made a difference in the vote, as well as if a judge should be decided by partisan vote. In the next couple paragraphs I will talk more specifically about these topics.
The battle for the state of Indiana is usually quite set. Indiana has long been considered to be a staunch Republican-supporting state, especially in Presidential races. The Hoosier state has only supported a Democratic candidate for president five times since 1900. These include Woodrow Wilson, Franklin D. Roosevelt in two elections, Lyndon Johnson, and, by a mere 1% margin, Barak Obama. But, it is also interesting to note that eleven Democrats have been elected Indiana’s governor during that same time span. On the other hand, 14 Republican presidential candidates have defeated a Democratic candidate by double digit margins, including six times when a Republican won by more than 20%. Historically, Republicans have been strongest in the eastern and central portions of the state, while Democrats have been strongest in the northwestern part of the state. In recent times, though, the Cook Partisan Voting Index (CPVI) has rated Indiana as “R+5”, a smaller Republican edge than is assigned to 20 of the 28 historically “red” states (CPIV, http://www.cookpolitical.com/). This means that the coming political battles for Indiana have the capability to be quite close with important ramifications based on their ultimate outcome.
America is the odd one out when one looks at its political activity. An article ...
A Democratic Party long ruled by moderates and conservatives succeeded in stunting what seemed like the natural growth of a successful Republican Party until the 1990s. Since then, various forces have contributed to the growth of the Republicans, and in the end, to an altering of the core membership of each party. Most recently, the state has seen the development of a dominant Republican Party that doesn't yet hold quite the dominion the Democrats enjoyed through most of the twentieth century. The Republican Party has certainly benefited from the defection of former Democrats, the arrival of Republicans and independents from out of state, and organizational difficulties in the Democratic Party. Thus, Republican officials dominate state government, and Democrats find themselves reduced, for the present, to the status of an embattled minority party seeking to recreate themselves among their voting and financial constituencies. This is showing that the newfound Republican dominance can be the beginning of a new strong party system, or if we are in a state of transition in which the terms of political competition are still in change. If it is a new party system, I don’t think it will be very durable or last too long for that matter. Now, it seems that Republican dominance of state government will
Kernell, S., Jacobson, G. C., Kousser, T., & Vavreck, L. (2013). The Logic of American Politics. Washington, DC: CQ Press.
Are state government policies influenced by factors that characterize each state? If so, how are such factors influencing the state government policies? Political scientists try to answer these questions by analyzing aggregated data on the 50 states using correlation and regressions methods. A state government policy can be illustrated by the per capita state and local expenditure on public welfare. A factor that may affect the state government policy may be the ideology of the state. Ideology can be explained as the position or attitude towards the government based on the notion of freedom versus equality by which, in this case, the state can be considered either liberal or conservative based on their position. Liberals tend to support more government spending on public welfare compared to conservative who tend to support less spending. It can be hypothesized that a state that tends to be liberal will have a higher per capita state and local expenditure on public welfare compared to states with less tendency of being liberal. Additionally, in efforts to properly analyze the hypothesis, possible confounding variables need to be tested to see if it affects the association between expenditure and the tendency of states being liberal. In this case, public aid recipients in each state are the possible confounding variable.
Effectively, governments are established to secure control of power as well as enforcing a specific ideal upon the governed. The United States is revolutionary in the sense that a democratic system of government has been set as the standard to rule the people. The federal system is an encompassing, yet broad, set of governance that relies on the balance of centralized and distributed power. State government serves as an effective medium to better address the need of its immediate citizens, however, fails to consider the situation pertaining to their daily problems in a timely manner, due to the complexity of governing a state. For this reason further bracketing of power results in Home Rule cities and municipalities that alleviate the reliance that General Law cities have on their county, therefore the state as well.
Generally state and government are considering similar things. People use them in an identical sense. Even in world history many important people ignored this distinction between these two important political things and leaders or governments said, “we are state” they mainly claimed that actually the government and the State whose have authority on the people and country. Political science clearly makes distinction between the State and government to solve problems which political science faced. With these distinctions, it’s possible to differentiate state and government from each other.