Similar to Will, John also faces a problem in the book. John becomes a symbol of the primitive pitted against utopia, the old pitted against the new. A product of the old world order where he is not accepted, he still values human emotions, art, literature, and family ties. Unable to accept the cold conformity and promiscuity of the new world, John really has no place. I feel that when looking at John from a certain way, in spite of his frustration and confusion, Huxley uses the Savage as a spokesperson for art, literature, culture, human relationships, and individualism.
These contrasting views set up the premise for the life of Winston, who is the protagonist character caught in a society devoted to conformity. Winston Smith is a thin, frail, thoughtful, and intellectual, mid-age man who hates the totalitarian control and enforced power of his government. Orwell's warning message in his book is to display that if people cannot change the way things are going, our society will lose all human qualities. They will become soulless machines and not have a clue as to their new world they created for themselves. Winston is different from the rest of his society which is a civilization that does not approve of individuality of your true self.
They demote power. He sees religion as intensely nihilistic - it's all about denying life and being negative. Nietzsche feels that the New Testament is also like that. We have to go beyond this. If Christianity and Schopenhaur are based on denying life ... ... middle of paper ... ...itique is that he views religion from the outside, so doesn't this make it a one-sided story?
That must be what a man was for” (Bellow 35). Yet Bellow’s description of Wilhelm as weak-willed shows more concern for morality than existentialism would allow. As we learned during lecture the existentialists stress revolt, freedom, and passion. As Albert Camus said “I draw from the absurd three consequences, which are my revolt, my freedom, and my passion.” And those ideals don’t fit Wilhelm or rather any other character in the novel very well. Bellow doesn’t seem to believe in the idea that “existence precedes essence” that defines existentialists.
Whereas Holden’s rebellion is demonstrated through symbolism throughout the text, stream of consciousness and his ideals. Holden and Igby are both on existential journeys, in which they desire to find their place in society. The hypocrisy present in the corresponding texts of The Catcher In The Rye and Igby Goes Down is manifested through Holden’s ideals and Igby’s values and beliefs. The language of Igby clearly reveals how he feels towards the concept of hypocrisy, he despises it. Holden loathes people who he says are phony or fake.
Sartre in his own words explains the concept of a human being condemned to be free, “condemned, because he did not create himself, yet is nevertheless at liberty, and from the moment that he is thrown into this world he is responsible for everything he does” (Sartre 353). So condemnation in this way comes from freedom being thrust upon humanity as opposed to humanity choosing it. Choosing freedom is always an option though, Sartre ignores the fact that many humans choose to relieve themselves of the burden of freedom. Yet are defined still by the choice to give up a freedom while having escaped the condemnation in freedom by choosing to let others take responsibility for choices made. This does not mean that one is incapable of choosing to regain ones freedoms later only that for a period of time they have relinquished the burden of freedom.
The characters in both stories are inferior because of their nationality and illiteracy. In the autobiography, Mandela states that the Chief had insulted the tribe by saying that the promise of becoming a man through circumcision was illusory and South Africans were conquered people. The chief also proclaims that the Xhosa tribe are slaves to their own country and that they have no control, power, or strength. Mandela and the rest of the tribe are offended upon hearing this, but as time goes by, the words start to sink in and come alive. Metaphorically, the chief had planted a seed that laid dormant for a while, and later began to grow, but Mandela realized that it was himself that let it grow.
The will to the belief in an unconditional and the overvaluation of truth both lead to an age of cynicism where people become more skeptical about the value of illusion as opposed to the Greeks. Nietzsche also emphasizes in his texts that people need to emancipate themselves from the Christian moral tradition to project onto the world certain values of their own making that give rise to a new mythology. In conclusion, the passive acceptance of the Jude-Christian worldview destroys the motivating force behind all human actions, thereby devouring life of myth and beauty.
The slow pan from the anti-immigration propaganda to the rebels emphasise the dissension in the society; the rebels disagree with the British government’s values and policies. Cuarón represents people and politics in a unique and evocative way through an exploration of conformity and non-conformity in a dystopian
Free Will and Personal Responsibility in Faustus It can be argued that Doctor Faustus is damned from the moment of conception. His innate desire for knowledge inevitably leads to his downfall. He represents the common human dissatisfaction with being human and the struggle of accepting our lack of omnipotence and omniscience. Marlowe manipulates this struggle between the aspirations of one character of his time and the implications to Christianity in relation to its doctrine of heaven and hell. Indeed, Doctor Faustus asks for more than what was intentionally made available to him through God's plan, yet it was God's gift to him of his intellect, that tempted him to search beyond his appointed realm of knowledge.