Alienation From Society In Lord Of The Flies By William Golding

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Yaritza Ureña Mendez AP English April 11, 2014 In 1954 people were worried that a nuclear war would threaten the existence of humans and civilization. Author William Golding set his first novel in the midst of a nuclear war when a group of British schoolboys are being evacuated from England. After a plane crash, the boys find themselves on a deserted island with no adult supervision. Children are often seen as innocent creatures without violent tendencies. However, in the novel, Lord of the Flies by William Golding, Golding exposes the idea that when alienated from society, they can become savages. During World War II, Adolf Hitler, chancellor of Germany, set out on a mission to wipe out the entire Jewish population. He nearly succeeded and was able to kill off 75% of the Jewish people before he was stopped by the Allied forces of the United States, France, and Great Britain. Golding’s experiences in the war were in part an inspiration for Lord of the Flies (Bryfonski 11). During World War II, Golding learned that, “evil is inherent in human nature and can emerge at any time. And in any place” (Bryfonski 11). When the war was over, Golding’s views on human nature had changed. He no longer believed in the utopian world presented in R.M Ballantyne’s Coral Island but rather that humans are inherently evil. Golding came to the realization that the world would never be a perfect place as long as people as evil as the Nazis and their practices were allowed to continue to exist. At first, the boys were delighted to be without adult supervision. Soon afterwards, the novelty wore off and they realized that they needed some form of authority and government. The conch that Piggy found became the symbol of authority for the boys. If anyo... ... middle of paper ... ... the same time. He was glad to see an adult because that meant salvation but repulsed because he now knew what humans were capable of and because the man was dead and could do nothing for them. With this apparition he realized that the boys were doomed (Golding 103). After his conversation with the ‘lord of the flies’ he realized that they were doomed because the beast was the evil that resided in the boys (Bryfonski 23). As the representation of Jesus, when he is killed, his death symbolized the loss of innocence. Once the innocence is lost, evil is free to take over the society. He could have been their salvation but instead was sacrificed for the sins of the society. Suddenly, the innocent boys transformed from killing the pigs out of the necessity for survival into cold blooded murderers. In the end, the boys’ true salvation comes in the form of a naval officer.

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