Alfred Adler's Alderian Psychology

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Alfred Adler (1870-1937) was an Austrian psychiatrist who came up with the ideas found in Alderian Psychology, or otherwise known as Individual psychology. Alderian psychology brought forth new ideas to the world of psychology and focused on individuals’ social contexts and the way things like birth order, way of life, etc., play a part in an individual’s behavior and sense of self.
Adler was acquainted with Sigmund Freud, and often attended his seminars and learned a lot from him. However, he deviated from Freud’s iconic couch and instead used two chairs to try to create a feel of equality for him and his patients. He came up with a theory of three life tasks: love, occupation, and society. He believed that these three ideas coincide with
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On the contrary, when we feel discouraged, we will tend to act negatively in ways such as becoming competitive or giving up. He believed that human behavior patterns were strongly influenced by feelings of acceptance and encouragement by others. This theory entirely makes sense, in the way that if you think about it, we act like this almost every day. When we feel like people appreciate us and acknowledge the things we do, we generally feel more optimistic and confident. According to Henry Stein, an Alderian psychologist, Alderian psychology has seven main concepts1: Unity of the individual (thoughts and emotions correlating with life patterns), goal orientation (how realistic one’s goals are and the intentions of such goals), self-determination and uniqueness (how our goals are influenced), social context (how we as humans play a part in society), feelings of community (feeling of acceptance in social settings), mental health (overall feeling of mental wellbeing), and treatment. One of the main ideas throughout Alderian psychology is a person’s ability to cope with feelings of inferiority towards people around them. He wrote a book titled Über den nervösen Charakter (The Neurotic Character) in which he explained that he believed that personality could be explained teleologically (by showing the purpose). Adler…show more content…
As for myself, I’m an only child and according to Adler, only children tend to feel more at ease around adults, be more mature, and do well in intellectual activities. I think that’s a pretty accurate description for myself. I think that the birth order theory can be a useful tool for people like teachers or school counselors to maybe help give an idea why certain children act the way they do.
Alfred Adler’s name usually isn’t very well known outside the realms of psychology, but he actually contributed a lot more than we think. His work later influenced other psychologists such as Abraham Maslow and Carl Rogers. He essentially made a name for himself by bringing forth the idea that people have the ability to change their state of well-being, change their lives, and also be in control of their own mental health. He also has a few schools named after him, one being the Adler Graduate School, and another the Adler School of Professional
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