This age was followed by the Classical Age (480-323 B.C.E) a period when Athens and Sparta dominated the Hellenic world with their cultural and historical achievements. The final Greek Age was the Hellenistic Age (323-30 B.C.E). This period was the transformation from localized city-states to an open, exuberant culture that stretched out across the entire Mediterranean, and southwest Asia. Alexander III of Macedon, also known as Alexander the Great, was primarily responsible for the expansion of Greece. Greece’s Hellenistic Age, during and after the death of Alexander the Great, contributed greatly to the expansion of Greek cultures and Greece.
These new viewpoints from his various acquisitions transformed the Greek political system from a simple collection of city-states or poleis to a more complex collection of cosmopoleis, or city-states with people of many different countries (Greek expansion pp. slide 21). Alexander’s imperial conquests marked the end of the Hellenic era and the beginning of the Hellenistic (Ancient Greek Civilizations
The first was the conquest of Italy, the conflict with Carthage and expansion into the western Mediterranean, and the involve ment with the domination of the Hellenistic kingdoms in the eastern Mediterranean. Rome's foreign success also had enormous repercussions for the internal development of the Roman Republic. All of the Roman Empire was great in many way they were the great builder between East and West . Constantinople was the medieval worlds greatest commercial center. The city was the chief entrepot for the exchange of products between east and west.
Citizens were born with Athenian parents and were the more powerful group. They could take part in the government of Polis. However, Metics were of foreign birth and had to pay taxes and sometimes serve in the army. The social classes only applied to men since women took their statuses from their husbands and were not allowed to take part in public life. The ancient Greeks also had a very sophisticated government.
In addition to that, in Alexander’s reign he established the Hellenistic period which single-handed changed the nature of the ancient world. Moreover, the reign of Alexander the great integrated Greek and Macedonian way of living, established an impact that
Alexander the Great was a renowned leader and military strategist of the ancient Macedonia Empire who conquered most of the ancient known world. His conquest has led about many changes across his empire, which fuses the cultures of East and West, of Asia and Greece. This fusion is known as Hellenization, a period when Greek culture spread in the non-Greek world after Alexander’s conquest. What resulted was a new attitude toward life and its expectations – a new world view, which saw the shift from the Greek ideal of the city-state to universal empires. One of Alexander’s greatest achievements was that during his lifetime he had created on of the largest empire of the Ancient world which stretched across from Europe to East Asia.
Phoenicia was greatly altered with its intake in Greek culture and the merge of both cultures ended up with an exploding final result. Whether Alexander meant for the Greek culture to be spread or simply just wanted to control his new subjects , he helped shape the foundations of the Phoenician country of Lebanon. Knowing that and knowing Lebanon today, one can't help but ask, if this mixing of cultures had not occurred, would Lebanon today be the same, a better, much more advanced version of the Cedars Nation or would things have gone off to a terrible path ? !
The Age of Alexander The conquests of Alexander the Great spread Hellenism immediately over the Middle East and far into Asia. After his death in 323 B.C., the influence of Greek civilization continued to expand over the Mediterranean world and W Asia. The wars of the Diadochi marked, it is true, the breakup of Alexander's brief empire, but the establishment of Macedonian dynasties in Egypt, Syria, and Persia (the Ptolemies and the Seleucidae) helped to mold the world of that day into a wider unity of trade and learning. The Hellenistic period was an international, cosmopolitan age. Commercial contacts were widespread and peoples of many ethnic and religious backgrounds merged in populous urban centers.
Spices, such as pepper, that originated in India and other southeast Asian islands (Regeah). The Indian Ocean was an essential part of the growth or the political, economic, cultural, and social aspects of the newly-modernizing world in 600 BCE to 1450 CE. Because of the Indian Ocean, many advancements in technology were made, religions were spread, parts of the world grew, and cultures changed. Trade between the Afro-Eurasian subcontinent, spread and growth of many religions, such as Hinduism, Buddhism, Christianity, and Islam, growth of countries and empires in countries such as India, Africa, and Asia, and technology, such as sails, compasses, and astrolabes, were widely impacted because of the trade routes. The routes helped many areas of the world that needed help expand, and aided the world gear towards a more international trade.
The Rise of Hellenism In regards to the Hellenistic Age, I learned about the history in Hellenistic civilization. Hellenism is the term typically to describe the spread of culture from the Greek civilization that developed after the reign of Alexander the Great. The Classical Age, referred to as Hellenic Greek, began in 507 B.C.E. and concluded in 323 B.C.E. The Hellenistic Age began in 323 B.C.E.