The omens were so frequent and ominous that Alexander feared that he had fallen out of favor with the gods. He died of a fever on June 10, 323 BC. Though Alexander died suddenly, and at the age of 33, he left behind a tremendous legacy. Alexander spread the Hellenistic culture far and wide, providing the backbone for culture in the western hemisphere as we know it today. He paved the way for Christianity as well.
The empire was soon torn apart by the struggles that Alexander the Great's advisors and generals had. This was now called the Diadochi. Diadochi is Greek for successors. In 319 the “Antipater” died and was succeeded as regent by Polyperchon, whom did Antipater’s son Cassander quickly oust. In time Roxanne and her son were also killed by Cassander, who became the king of Macedon in 305 BC.
At the age of 20, Alexander’s father was murdered by one of his bodyguards, and Alexander succeeded the throne as king of Macedonia. After Alexander’s father died, some Greek cities under Macedonian rule revolted. In 335 B.C. Alexander attacked the city of Thebes, storming its walls and destroying every building, except the temples and the house of the poet Pindar. His army sold the 30,000 inhabitants of Thebes into slavery or killed them.
He was planning to lead their joint forces for an invasion of the Persian empire when he was assassinated in 336. Thus at the age of 20, Alexander became king of the Macedonians. After Philip's death, some Greek cities under Macedonian rule revolted. In 335 B.C. Alexander's army stormed the walls of the rebellious city of Thebes and demolished the city.
He then made his way to Greece were Pompey had solidified his position. After a difficult start, he defeated Pompey on the battlefield. Pompey fled to Egypt to escape capture, but the local Egyptians killed him to show support for Caesar. However, this outraged Caesar and put Caesar’s plans into disarray. Caesar thus joined the raging civil war between Queen Cleopatra and the nobles who had killed Pompey.
Alexander the Great conquered city of Persepolis, and after looting its treasures, burned surrounding city to the ground. In 326 B.C. Alexander and his troops traveled to Punjab, India where they had fought a fierce and famous battle with King Porus. During the Battle of the Hydaspes, Alexander’s horse was injured and died. Most of Alexander’s men died while crossing the Gerdosian desert on their route to Babylon the middle of summer 325 B.C.
His best friend, Hephaestion, married Barsine’s sister, Drypetis. He even gave some Persians high rankings in his army. But these attempts failed and even the marriages broke up.In the fall of 324 BC, Alexander’s best friend, Hephaestion, died.Alexander was heartbroken and in the following summer, Alexander became ill and died on June 13 in Babylon at the age of 32. Modern historians have long suspected that he died from Malaria, but, recently, it has been suggested that Typhoid Fever was the culprit. Today, we know Alexander as one of the greatest generals, leaders, and conquerors of all time, and we know that this was his main goal in life... To be remembered, not as a villain, but as his childhood dream.....A war hero.
His ambitious drive to rule in the largest empire took shape at a young age and he continued his conquest up till the day he passed away. Alexander III of Macedon, son of Philip II of Macedon, inherited the throne when only 20 years old after his father fell victim to an assassination. Soon after Alexander took the throne a rebellious spirit dwelled upon the city of Thebes. He quickly gathers the support of the accomplished Macedonian army and rides towards Thebes to punish them for their insubordination. Upon arriving, he gave out orders for the city to be razed and to demean any will of resisting, of which the news spread to other cities to disregard any deliberation of rebellion or they too will have a similar outcome.
Alexander the Great and Augustus Caesar have proven to be two of the worlds best leaders. These men were brilliant and a great influence on their people, bringing great wealth and prosperity to their nation as well as expanding their empires. Alexander and Augustus each came to power at a very young age and ruled in a totalitarian manner, with their main weapon being their military. However, even though they had similarities, each was very different. The following will prove my thesis.
The year 509 BC Rome finally became a Republic and thus started the Roman empire. As Rome rose to power they went through many wars and many conflicts between the plebeians and patricians. The republic was made out of 3 groups, the consuls which were 2 men elected from the senate, the senate which was made of 300 patricians, and the assembly made from plebeians. Many years later Rome started to reject the republic when it went into a series of civil wars. 3 men form the first triumvirate, Julius Caesar, Pompeii, and Crassus.