Alexander The Great Of The Greek Kingdom Of Macedon

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Alexander the Great (July 356BC – June 323BC) was King of the ancient Greek Kingdom of Macedon. By the age of thirty he had created one of the largest empires of the ancient world. He remained undefeated in battle and is considered one of history’s most successful Military commanders. Historians’ have offered theories which could explain Alexander’s motivation to conquer so much of the known world. Some suggest that Alexander was an idealistic visionary who sought to unite the world, whereas others argued that he was a fascist whose hunger for power drove him. The Ancient Greeks were driven by love of honour (philotimaea) and their desire for greatness. They were competitive, always striving to better one another. Phillip encouraged his son’s endeavors, telling him “My boy, you must find a Kingdom big enough for your ambitions; Macedonia is too small for you.” One thing that motivated Alexander was that he enjoyed the problems that came with putting together a massive army, and using that massive army to gain strategic objectives. Before he was even born, it was believed that Alexander III would be destined for greatness. In Alexander, Plutarch wrote that Alexander’s mother, Olympius, had dreamt that her womb was struck by a thunderbolt. Plutarch also wrote that Alexander’s father, Phillip, dreamt he was pressing a seal over Olympius’ womb, the emblem that of a lion. Arrian wrote about the Pharaoh Nectanebo visiting Olympius and having sex wither her, then foretelling of her future son: “Be calm, woman, in your womb you carry a male child who will avenge you and will become king and ruler of all the world” (Arrian I.7). Nectanebo uses astrology to predict Alexander’s future, “Woman, you have conceived a male child who will make y... ... middle of paper ... ... Alexander’s success was possible due to the achievements of his father Philip, who had created one of the best armies in Greece. The happiness felt by Alexander after his first victory was short lived, replaced by the responsibilities of governing his newly acquired territory. According to Plutarch (Life of Alexander, 5.5-6), Alexander did not want a life of wealth; he wanted a life of virtue, fame, and ambition. Plutarch described him as “insatiable of glory alone”. Alexander was not motivated by ego, ideology, or nationalism. Alexander’s love of war and his ambition to become a powerful leader motivated him to create a vast empire. He was inspired by the Homeric Heroes of his time, spreading propaganda that he was descended from Zeus himself. Alexander had an overwhelming lust for power and an intense ego, which historians say may have lead to his ultimate demise.
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