This battle set an example to the greeks to follow and obey the reign of Alexander the great. In addition to just establishing himself as a strong conqueror in Macedonia, Alexander ventured onto conqueror and influence other areas, including Egypt. Egypt, an already thriving society, found herself under the leadership of Alexander. While his time in Egypt, Alexander “changed the course of history in Egypt and constituted there the most durable of the Macedonian kingdoms-one destined to last three centuries…”. Alexander entered Egypt around 331 BC, and ordered that a city be established and named after him.
In order to do this Philip first hired Lysimachus of Acarnania to teach the young boy writing, reading, and how to play the lyre. Then after this solid start, when the boy turned 13, Philip hired the famous philosopher Aristotle to tutor Alexander for three years. Alexander was even taught by Philip himself about warfare and politics, something the successful king knew a lot about. Alexander seemed destined for greatness since birth, as he tamed the “untamable” horse Bucephalus, who was his horse throughout his life. Philip II was assassinated in 336 BC, and Alexander took over the title of king and the rule of the army immediately.
Thus began the Age of Pericles, the period of Greek history when Pericles ruled Athens. Under Pericles, Athens went through a period that has become known as the Golden Age of Athens (480-404) B.C. Athens developed a more democratic form of government that gave power to those who were Athenian. These rights did not apply to women or slaves. In 490 B.C, the Athenians defeated Persian invades at the Battle of Marathon.
ATG: After my fathers’ death it was not easy for me to take over the throne, because there was always another heir that also wanted to take that place. During that time everyone would do anything to take over the throne. I was one of them, so I killed my opponents. I executed my cousin Amyntas IV and two Macedonian princes. I did not killed my half-brother because he was mentally disabled, so it was hard for him to take my fathers’ place as the king of Macedonia, so he was not an obstacle for me to remain in power.
His parents were the king and queen of Macedonia. King Philip II was always in or preparing to engage in military campaigns. So he had a unreliable father. He had many teachers because he was rebellious. He had Leonidas and he also had a teacher named Lysimachus who did role-playing, acting out events, to teach the young boy.
The Egyptians welcomed him as their savior from Persian control. Alexander had respected the Egyptian customs, religions and people (Encyclopedia of World Biography, 2015). As a result they considered him a God, had founded the city of Alexandria, which became a center of Greek culture and commerce. Later in that year Alexander defeated the Persians at the Battle of Gaugamela, for the third time the Persian army buckled, and Darius fled (History of Macedonia, 2013). Instead of pursuing Darius, Alexander set out to explore and during that time, Alexander became "King of Babylon, King of Asia, and King of the Four Quarters of the World."
He and his armies conquered the Persian Empire, which stretched from the Mediterranean Sea to India and formed much of what was then considered the civilized world. Through his conquests, Alexander helped spread Greek ideas, customs and laws throughout Asia and Egypt and adopted a uniform currency system to promote trade and commerce. He thus spread the rich Hellenistic culture enjoyed by the Greeks throughout the world. Alexander had a dream of the brotherhood of mankind where every person shared a common language, currency and loyalty, but he was unable to see his dream through due to an illness that claimed his life at the young age of 33. Alexander was born in 356 B.C.
The Battle of Marathon took place in Athens in 490 BCE, and the citizens fought against the invading Persian army. Athenians were able to prevent Persian control of Greece, making it the first time Persians had been defeated on land. Because Persia was a superpower, the impact on Athens’ following the triumph was tenfold. Athenians viewed themselves as the epicenter of Greek culture and power. They now had a strong economy because Athenians’ wealth multiplied due to increased trade.
Once, he gains the throne of Macedonia Alexander gathers the Greeks to set out on his adventures. Alexander conquers several cities that were known for the own conquests. Arrian highlights many of these battles within “The Campaigns of Alexander,” The defeat of the Persian army was due to the use of Alexander’s famous battle tactics. Alexander continuously pushes his fleet through battle while up lifting there spirits with his personal charm. Alexander then sets his sights on Egypt.
Alexander spread Greek culture throughout Egypt, eastern Mediterranean, and Asia. Throughout periods in Greek times there have been advances in art, literature, philosophy, architecture, metal and bronze, city-states, religions, and etc. Greek conquest expanded and spread Greek cultures and ways of life therefore making Greece a large empire with great influence.