Perhaps his most recognized conquest was of the Achaemenid Empire of Persia and its ‘King of Kings’ Darius III during the Battle of Issus 1. After defeating the Persians at the Battle of Granicus, Darius gathered an enormous army from his empire and moved through the Greek line of supply, these actions required Alexander to counter attack which staged the battle near the Pinarus River and south of the Village of Issus 2. Darius’ army outnumbered Alexander’s by a 2:1 ratio 3. Attesting to his title, he deployed superior battlefield tactics and practices that led his army to victory, causing the Persian king to flee, leaving his empire to Alexander. The phalanx was used throughout history as an effective battlefield maneuver from roughly 2500 B.C until around 200 B.C and altered and refined as time passed 4.
Philip II was assassinated in 336 BC, and Alexander took over the title of king and the rule of the army immediately. Although Alexander didn’t have to work too hard to get a good army, as his father laid an extremely firm foundation for his later success, what Alexander acco... ... middle of paper ... ... whose legends and stories have been written in over eighty languages. Alexander blended so many cultures over his lifetime and travels, and this leads to a reason his legacy is so strong. By introducing Greek cultures to places he took over, and by bringing foreign cultures back home, Alexander was a prime example for cultural diffusion. On top of that, every general and empire wanted to be like him and mimic his actions.
Although he probably gave the order for political reasons, he was, in his own view and that of his contemporaries, of divine birth. The order was largely dismissed by his death shortly after he issued it. To bind his conquests together, Alexander founded a number of cities, most of them named Alexandria, along his line of march; these cities were well located, well paved, and provided with good water supplies. Greek veterans from his army settled in them; young men, traders, merchants, and scholars were attracted to them; Greek culture was introduced; and the Greek language became widely known. Thus, Alexander vastly extended the influence of Greek civilization and prepared the way for the kingdoms of the Hellenistic period and the conquests of the Roman Empire.
(Packer) When Alexander was twenty years old, his father Philip was assassinated under mysterious circumstances and Alexander was made the new Macedonian king. His rivals spread rumors of Alexander’s own death and he spent much of the following year in quelling revolts that these rumors inspired. He destroyed Thebes in the process. This gav... ... middle of paper ... ...lassical Tradition. New York, NY.
Alexandros III Philippou Makedonon, also known as Alexander the Great, is one of the most successful military commanders in history. He was the leader of the Corinthian league and during his years as king he build one of the biggest empires known to humans and conquered most of the known world before his death. During Alexander’s childhood he was tutored by Aristotle in science and political arts, along with his education by Aristotle he also received physical training by a man named Leonidas, a relative of Olympias. Alexander was the son of King Philip II of Macedon and of Epirus princess Olympias. In 336 BC Alexander the Great became the leader of the Greek kingdom of Macedonia, by the time he died 13 years later Alexander had built an empire that stretched from Greece all the way to India.
He was a military innovator and a great conqueror. King Philip II led his cavalry, lost an eye at forty-six years old and was sustained a serious injury in his right leg in 345 BC (lecture). King Philip II was also a great diplomat. He knew that money was an extremely powerful weapon and believed that anyone could be bribed. All of these traits allowed him to conquer all of Greece in twenty years, some time during 338 BC (lecture, Hollister 147).
Alexander is also said to be the symbol of the Hellenistic world. Due to his leadership skills and his various military tactics and ideas, Alexander the Great is considered one of the greatest leaders of all time. Alexander the Great, also known as the King of Macedonia, was the son of Phillip II of Macedonia, and Olympias, the princess of a neighboring city. According to the Ancient History Encyclopedia, he was born on July 21, 356 BCE in Pella, Macedonia. Even at a very young age, Alexander exhibited the qualities and characteristics of a leader.
Alexander's father, Philip II influenced the events in the military and political areas that eventually helped Alexander in his conquests. When Philip took power in 359 B.C., Macedonia was in turmoil and he immediately set out to put the people under his control. Philip developed the Macedonian army and formed alliances with the Balkan peoples. Philip established many political reforms that made his state a great power. He increased the size of the Royal Companions/heairoi, which gave more people positions of power and a sense of belonging to the kingdom.
The Iliad was his manual of war. Like Achilles, he was a superhuman hero and warrior. He exposed himself often to extreme danger during battle. Alexander could support pain, hunger, thirst, heat, desperation and great suffering with immense patience, like Hercules. Alexander admired the personality of Cyrus the Great, the founder of the Persian Empire, whose example and politics he imitated during the creation of his universal empire.
He conquered much of what was then the civilized world, driven by his divine ambition of the world conquest and the creation of a universal world monarchy. Alexander inherited from his father King Philip the best military formation of the time. The mobile elite were Alexander 's Companion Cavalry consisting of primarily the Macedonian aristocracy. The backbone of the army was the