Every organ in the body is affected. The liver has serious effects that may lead to cirrhosis and death.. At first the liver adapts and tolerates alcohol. It works harder and finally damages itself in time. Alcohol leads the liver to the inability to metabolize facts. Furthermore, it leads to increase in cholesterol and triglycerides leading to clogged arteries.
According to the Center of Disease Control (CDC), the percent of adults that are considered regular drinkers are 51.3%. Over half of Americans consume alcohol on a regular basis. Even if we don’t add the 12.9% of adults that are considered infrequent drinkers, over half of the country is participating in an activity that is so dangerous it was banned for a period of time. The number of people that died in 2010 from alcohol, not including homicide or accidents, was 25,692; 15,990 of which came from liver disease. Intense campaigns against drunk driving have dropped the deaths from drunk driving to 10,228 in 2010, which accounts for 31% of all the traffic deaths in that year.
Possible development of alcoholic cardiomyopathy, resulting from injury to the energy-producing portion of the heart muscle, which may lead to death from heart failure. Damage to the nervous system in alcoholics has been recognized for many years. Some of the possible neurological effects of alcoholism include: Development of diseases caused by vitamin B deficiencies. Impairment of overall mental functioning. Some of the ancient physicians recognized an impairment of overall mental functioning in those who drank excessively and recent brain cell studies suggest that an alcoholic literally kills off brain cells at a more rapid pace than normal.
“In 1991, a study by the United States Surgeon General’s office stated that 8 million out of the 20.7 million young people in grades 7 through 12 drank alcoholic beverages every week. It went on to say that 454,000 of those youngsters reported weekly binges (Claypool 21).” In the United States and all over the world underage teens are drinking, and it may be because they just don’t know about alcohol and its effects (Monroe 56). Underage or teen drinking is a major problem today that is increasing more and more, and something needs to be done to stop this increase and to control the number of underage drinkers. There are many statistics that show just how big this problem is amongst our youth. One frightening statistic that shows how much this problem has been increasing is that between 1948 and 1988 the percent of teen drinkers increased by 57 percent (Nielsen 47).
According to Health Day News, “one study found that in 2011, 36 percent of U.S. college students said they'd gone binge drinking (five or more drinks in one sitting) within the past two weeks, as compared to 43 percent of college students in 1988. Since 2006, the current law has reduced the rate of drunk driving crashes among young Americans” (Preidt, 2014 and DeJong, 2014). This proves that lives have been saved after the legal drinking age increased. According to an article in Time Magazine called “Should the Drinking Age Be Lowered?”, “lowering the drinking age to 18 would stop infantilizing college students, but it would probably kill mor... ... middle of paper ... .... 2014. . "Teen Drug Abuse."
Over 40% of the people who abuse alcohol in the US are college students and this has had adverse effects on the social relationships within the learning institutions as well as the academic performance of the students. The number of suicidal deaths, which have been reported so far as a result of alcoholism, has also been on the rise in the past decade. The majority of these deaths have mainly concentrated amongst the students. Over 49% of the college students within America do not consume alcohol on a regular basis (Lankford, 2007). However, a significant percentage of these students lack the control to abuse alcohol when they start consuming it.
By the time the student reaches 12th grade, the study shows that 29 percent of peers will also be binge drinking. The same report also showed that 19.5 percent of 8th graders had been drunk at least once in their lives. By 2007 those numbers were up; 16 percent of 8th graders and 44 percent of 12th graders reported drinking (CDC, Quick Stats). An article by the National Crime Prevention Council (NCPC) states “the earlier young people start drinking and using drugs, the more likely they are to become addicted . .
Surveys have shown that more than one out of three Americans have a personal friend or relative who has had a drinking problem for ten years or longer. Almost two out of three Americans report that they know someone who drinks too much. It is estimated that there are 18 million alcoholic or problem drinkers in the U.S. For every alcoholic there are at least four other people who are affected by the alcoholic. This means that in the U.S. there are at least seventy-two million other people dealing with the disease somehow. Many people believe that alcoholics are people that are the skid row winos and bums.
Drug use is part of accidental injuries, killing and suicides; these are the top three causes of teen-age death. The costs for drug-related problems were at minimum $14 billion dollars. According to the study, the federal government and states spent $207.2 billion in 2005 on health-care costs for substance use and addiction, a problem the investigators say started in the teen years. "There was also another report found the number of teens using smokeless tobacco increased to 8.9 percent in 2009 from 6.7 percent in 2003. High-school students who said they currently were using marijuana rose to 21 percent in 2009 from 20 percent in 2007 and those misusing prescription drugs rose to 4 percent in 2009 from 3.5 percent a year earlier."
How well the person can tolerate giving up alcohol for an extended time, and the effect of the drinking on family, friends, work, and health, may indicate the extent of the alcohol problem. More than 10 million Americans are estimated to be alcoholic. Alcoholism is found among all age, sociocultural, and economic groups. An estimated 75 percent of alcoholics are male, 25 percent female. Alcoholism is a worldwide phenomenon, but it is most widespread in France, Ireland, Poland, Scandinavia, the United States, and the USSR.