Medlineplus. Retrieved from http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/alcoholism.html NIH: National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism. (2012, March 21). http://www.nlm.nih.gov. Retrieved from http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/000911.htm
N.p., n.d. Web. 10 Nov. 2013. http://www.alcoholaddiction.info/causes-of-alcoholism.htm 4. "Understanding Alcohol Use Disorders and Their Treatment." Http://www.apa.org.
Retrieved from http://search.proquest.com.ezproxy.apollolibrary.com/docview/902832938 National Institute on Drug Abuse. (2010). Comorbidity: Addiction and Other Mental Illnesses. Retrieved from http://www.drugabuse.gov/publications/research-reports/comorbidity-addiction-other-mental-illnesses Shaw, M., & Black, D. (2008, 5). Internet Addiction: Definition, Assessment, Epidemiology and Clinical Management.
In addition, with alcohol being a restricted item for minors it makes the “wanting” of consuming alcohol even greater. This makes people want to drink, and drinking can lead to many bad consequences. If society lowers the drinking age then there would not be many cases of underage drinkers. “There are 10.8 million underage drinkers in the United States” (Underage Drinking Statistics). If the age was eighteen instead of twenty-one there would not be as much abuse of alcohol consumption in the United States.
"The total annual mortality rates due to alcohol-related accidents and health issues are close to 35,000” (“Alcoholism and Alcohol Abuse"). This fact explains how many problems come along with alcohol abuse, and tell about health issues and accidents that could be caused by alcohol. Alcohol can be very dangerous and threaten the lives of people even if they are not the one consuming alcohol. Wrecks often happen and kill innocent people as a result of people drinking and driving. There are many alcohol related deaths in the world today whether it is because of drunk driving, or just because someone drank too much and destroyed their liver.
The current drinking law is counterproductive in our society because it’s not effective in eliminating underage drinking, and leads to unsafe situations such as drunk driving and alcohol poison instigated deaths. This problem could be solved by lowering the minimum drinking age to eighteen, with a drinking license. “Either we are a nation of lawbreakers, or this is a bad law”, says John McCardell, author for the Greenhaven Press (McCardell, 2012). What McCardell is referring to is the law barring the consumption of alcohol in individuals under the age of twenty-one in the United States. John McCardell is the former president of Middlebury College, and he is also the founder of the Choose Responsibly group (Baldouf, 2007).
The cost of substance abuse is increasing in our society. Lives are lost, and loss of work productivity costs millions of dollars each year. Alcohol is a factor in 40% of all motor vehicle accidents, and alcohol and other drugs are often implicated in boating or athletic accidents. Cost include not only lives lost but also medical care, long-term services to the disabled, and increased insurance rates. Health care cost for clients use alcohol, drugs, and nicotine are estimated to be greater than $160 billion annually.
Because alcohol addiction can be a slow progressive disease many people don’t see it in the same light as drug addiction. An addiction to drugs is seen as being a more deadly and dangerous issue then that of alcohol because a drug addiction can happen more quickly and can kill more quickly. Alcohol is something that is easy to obtain, something that is found at almost every restaurant. People with an alcohol addiction can not hide from alcohol as easy as a drug addict. Approximately 7 million Americans suffer from alcohol abuse and another 7 million suffer from alcoholism.
Excessive alcohol use in a short amount of time can result in alcohol poisoning that can often times lead to death or loss of brain cells. Intoxication can impair brain function and motor skills. Heavy alcohol use can increase the risk for certain cancers, stroke, and liver disease. In 2009, liver cirrhosis was the 12th leading cause of death in the United States, with a total of 31,522 deaths. Among all the cirrhosis deaths in 2009, 48 percent were alcohol related.
Hypertension influences the health outcomes of black Americans more than other races in the United States. Racial discrimination and socioeconomic status are two major factors which influence the rate of high blood pressure in the black American population. Hypertension is a developing problem worldwide，associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. In 2020, the world population will be approximately 7.8 billion people, and there will be 1 billon people who may be affected by hypertension (Tomson & Lip, 2005). One in three adults in the United States has high blood pressure.