The Famous and Brilliant, Albert Einstein, was born in Germany in 1879. Einstein was born into a Jewish family, and grew up in Munich, Germany, where his father and uncle collectively ran a company that produced electrical equipment. Later in his childhood, Einstein’s family moved to Italy, then to Switzerland not long after. In 1896, Einstein renounced his German citizenship so that he would be able to avoid the Obligatory military service.
...ein’s Theory of Relativity radically altered our perspective of the universe. It profoundly impacted the scientific community and has had an everlasting effect on science itself. All of the properties of his theories define and shape the world around us and without them we would have a negligible understanding of our universe. Albert Einstein once said “Any intelligent fool can make things bigger and more complex... It takes a touch of genius - and a lot of courage to move in the opposite direction.” This is exactly what he did when the first thoughts of Relativity popped into his head in a patent office in Switzerland so many years ago.
For the dissection of the Theory of Relativity, I will be focusing on two important concepts: that of spacetime as the 4th dimension and the speed of light. The fourth dimension is called space-time because the two elements cannot be separated: as I move in space, I also move forward in time. Spacetime as a unified dimension is a smooth constant. As 3D beings we only experience a “now” and Special Relativity says each person has their own relative time (CITE). If two people were observing the same event from two different locations, it would appear that the event happened at two different times. This is caused by the time it takes for light to travel through space to reach the observer. An example of this is two people standing half a mile away from one another and hearing the siren of an ambulance traveling on the road. The sound waves reach the observers at different times and fade away from their hearing at different times. The event being observed occurs at the same instant but is perceived relative to the observer.
Einstein's theory of relativity is a famous theory, but it's little understood. Essentially, the theory of relativity refers to two different parts of the same theory: special relativity and general relativity. The theory of special relativity was introduced first, and was later considered to be a special case of the more comprehensive theory of general relativity. During the nineteenth century, scientists believed that light is a wave. They reasoned that waves of light need a medium to travel through, so they invented the concept of "ether." Light was thought to transmit through the ether, which stands still while all matter moves through it. In order to measure the earth's speed through the ether, Albert A. Michelson and Edward Morley collaborated on an experiment in 1887. In the experiment, one beam of light took a route against the ether and back while the other was perpendicular to the ether. Michelson and Morley expected to calculate the speed of the earth through the ether, to their surprise, the beams of light completed the course in the same time. However, the well-known Michelson-Morley experiment had failed to detect Earth's motion relative to the ether and no one could explain why. Something was wrong with the traditional understanding of relativity as it applied to light. Within this essay we will further explain both parts of the theory of relativity and their relevance in our world.
Humans have a natural sense of curiosity. How does this work? Why does that happen? What makes this do that? Among us, there will always be those who strive to find the answers to questions like these and more. One of these people was Albert Einstein, perhaps one of the greatest human minds this world has ever known.
The intricacies of how time travel is theorized to work is not considered common knowledge. One of the easiest concepts to understand is paradoxes. This concept is described as an argument which the outcome does not seem possible with the initial proposition (Lycan 1). The paradox is one of the main bases for both sides of the argument. A seemingly harder concept, parallel universes, is defined as the theory that instead of a singular universe, multiple universes exist and everything is copied in each one of them (Wolf 101). This theory is opposed by the thought that only one universe exists. Following these narrow concepts, an overview of the Theory of General Relativity, a broad topic, is also needed to understand travel through time. This was proposed by Einstein and stated that matter being present will cause space-time to warp around it (Kenyon 1). This is followed by the Special Theory of Relativity which discuses how something viewing time around it, while moving, distinguishes how much time has passed between two events (Davies ). These are both integral theories that help both sides defend themselves. The hardest concept to master in studying time travel is closed time-like curves. These curves are commo...
“Anyone who has never made a mistake has never tried anything new.” The man who made countless mistakes and learned greatly from them spoke these wise words. Of all the scientists to originate from the nineteenth and twentieth century, his name is acknowledged by nearly all living people. Albert Einstein, a man whose name is practically parallel to a genius, is one of history’s most noteworthy figures (Willsey). He had made a remarkable, positive impact on society through his works and contributions to science.
Einstein was not perfect to everybody he had flaws primary in the eyes of Hitler during the Holocaust. Einstein had been placed in a historical setting when he was born. Einstein was Jewish and lived in Germany. Often times when Einstein invented or discovered Hitler would put it down and denied all of Einstein’s work. The Germans would destroy Einstein’s dreams and he was crushed. Albert Einstein also had to live on his own at the age of fourteen. Albert Einstein dad forgot to make the electricity work in his city so they were exiled and Einstein’s family moved Italy, soon he would reunite with his family. In his time the Nazis party was expanding and starts to use propaganda to take command. Italy had joined the fight with Germany and Albert Einstein and his family were all Jewish so they had the hard problem of trying not being in a concentration camp. (According to the article Albert Einstein) Albert Einstein was not safe in Germany and he had no choice to leave Germany. The reason why was because the Nazis wanted to murder Einstein because he was Jewish. The Nazis party even had a bounty for his head if you killed him. So eventually decided to move to the United States and he took the decision to take position as the formed Institute of Advanced study of Princeton, but when he left he never went back to Germany. Later more hard ships head Einstein way his soon was diagnosed with Schizophrenia which is a disorder that destroys the structure of our brain and makes it hard you to evaluate your surrounds. Later his best friend breaks down and commits suicide. After a physicist known as Leo Szilard who sent a letter to President Franklin D. Roosevelt to alarm him about the Nazis are making an A-Bomb. The president ignored the...
Einstein claimed that time was not absolute in his observations of relative time, saying that “the passage of time depends on the location and speed of the person looking at the clock” (Rowland, XV). According to this theory, time is directly related to speed, therefore if you could measure time at a consid...
Albert Einstein’s Special Theory of Relativity, or Special Relativity, was first published in 1905 in a paper with the title of “On the electrodynamics of moving bodies.” As the title suggests, Special Relativity is a theory of “moving bodies,” or motion. It is a theory of how motion is dependent on the frames of reference of the observer, which went against previous schools of thought. (Stephani, 2004) As such, special relativity is described as a theory of how space and time would be perceived differently by distinct observers from distinct location.
Isaac Newton’s story of how an apple falling from a tree that hit his head inspired him to formulate a theory of gravitation is one that all school children grow up hearing about. Newton is arguably one of the most influential scientific minds in human history. He has published books such as Arithmetica Universalis, The Chronology of Ancient Kingdoms, Methods of Fluxions, Opticks, the Queries, and most famously, Philosophiæ Naturalis Principia MathematicaHe formulated the three laws of gravitation, discovered the generalized binomial theorem, developed infinitesimal calculus (sharing credit with Gottfried Wilhelm Von Leibniz, who developed the theory independently), and worked extensively on optics and refraction of light. Newton changed the way that people look at the world they live in and how the universe works.
A hundred years ago, a young married couple sat at a kitchen table talking over the items of the day while their young boy sat listening earnestly. He had heard the debate every night, and while there were no raised voices, their discussion was intense. It was a subject about which his parents were most passionate - the electrodynamics of moving bodies in the universe. The couple were of equal intelligence and fortitude, working together on a theory that few people can comprehend even to this day. Mileva Maric Einstein was considered to be the intellectual equal of her husband Albert, but somehow went unrecognized for her contributions to the 1905 Papers, which included the Special Theory of Relativity. The stronger force of these two bodies would be propelled into the archives of scientific history, while the other would be left to die alone, virtually unknown. Mrs. Einstein was robbed. She deserved to be recognized for at least a collaborative effort, but it was not to be. The role which society had accorded her and plain, bad luck would prove to be responsible for the life of this great mathematician and scientist, gone unnoticed.
The theories of relativity were revolutionary. Everybody agrees that Einstein brought about this revolution. Even the people that claim that Einstein just tweaked the theories of Lorentz and Poincaré, admit that Einstein was the first to recognize the physical meaning of the formulations. He understood that the terms and concepts like those of absolute space and absolute time must lose there meaning and other concepts had to replace them, if we were to be able to understand the phenomena of electrodynamics. All this is consistent with a scientific revolution as conceived of by Kuhn. It is then possible to express the revolution in science that Einstein started in terms of Kuhn’s paradigms and paradigm shifts.
Timing has always enthralled artists and scientists and they have come up with different theories, perspective and conclusions about time and space. However, one thing remains true about timing is that we all are affected by it and cannot control it. Time does not work according to us; we have to work according to time. According to Einstein, timing and spacing are different features of the same thing and many other physicists have said that an object can move back and forth in space but nothing can move back in time.- Sito, T (2009).
Greene continues with his explanations of the special theory of relativity.Chapter 3: Of Warps and Ripples Green begins the chapter by describing "Newton's View of Gravity" and continues by discussing the incompatibility of Newtonian Gravity and Special Relativity. The author also talks about how Einstein discovered the link between acceleration and the warping of space and time. Greene also discuses the basic aspects of General Relativity. He later points out how the two theories of relativity effect black holes, the big bang, and the expansion of space.Chapter 4: Microscopic Weirdness This chapter describes, in detail, the workings of quantum mechanics.