His impact stretches far beyond the reaches of physics and life in the early 1900's. This physicist of phenomenal philosophy, logic, and imagination has been and still is the subject of countless catch phrases and expressions of intelligence. Albert Einstein is a forerunner of influential American icons. Because of his contribution to American science and society as an immigrant, intellectual accomplishments, and discoveries in nuclear technology, it is my belief that Albert Einstein was the most influential person of the twentieth century. First of all, Albert Einstein was the most important figure of the twentieth century because of his contribution to American science and society as an immigrant.
Maybe the first step towards the atomic bomb was when Einstein sent his fabled letter to President Roosevelt. Regardless of when exactly these events started, they would lead to the creation of one of the most dangerous weapons to ever be conceived. World renowned physicists, such as Enrico Fermi and Leo Szilard, would help build the atomic bomb and vastly improve America’s understanding of science with their inventions, including the Chicago Pile-1. Bigger and greater experiments were then done by the Uranium Committee and the famed Manhattan Project, all building up to the fatal day of the bombings on Hiroshima and Nagasaki. These attacks would rock the foundations of war, as it changed all previous parameters.
This atomic bomb would be extremely powerful. The science of creating an atomic bomb was all over the world. All the countries knew it could happen, they just needed somebody to make it happen. Einstein quoted Franklin Roosevelt, "We are faced with the pre-eminent fact that if civilization is to survive we must cultivate the science of human relationship - the ability of peoples of all kinds to live together and work together in the same world, at peace" (Roosevelt 1945). Einstein responded to this by saying, "We have learned, and paid an awful price to learn, that living and working together can be done in one way only - under law.
When the atoms split it releases energy and if you put billions of these atoms together it could start a chain reaction and make a massive explosion. Three physicists leo Szilard, Eugene Wigner, and Edward Teller, believed that a nuclear weapon was possible and germany already started working on one. They thought that this was very important to the war effort so important that the president, Franklin D. Roosevelt has to know about it. However they were not well known enough to get the attention of the president so they got the famous theoretical physicist Albert Einstein. Albert Einstein signed the letter and gave it to Roosevelt and he said that this needed action so Leo Szilard asked for six thousand dollars worth of materials to produce a nuclear chain reaction.
This equation sprawled a whole other branch of science, literally, being “High energy particle physics”. Proper use of particle accelerators, as well as the analysing of high-speed collisions within them, this wouldn't be possible without a thorough comprehension of mass-energy equivalence, which is what Einstein discovered with his theory of specia... ... middle of paper ... ...eas that had been around for a long time but had also been thought to be different. He put together the concept of mass and the concept of energy and showed that they are actually the same thing when you think about them correctly. So his equation, E = mc2, theE is for energy and the m is for mass, and he showed that given a certain amount of mass you could calculate the amount of energy it contains. Or, alternatively, given an amount of energy, you can determine how much mass you can create from it.
Albert Einstein is possibly considered to be the greatest scientist of all time. He is well known for coming up with the theory of relativity described by the formula e=mc2, where energy is equal to mass times the speed of light squared. His accomplishments in physics helped start the nuclear age with nuclear weapons and power. Like most famous people he changed the world in a variety of ways. The most significant ways Einstein made the world a better place were his achievements in science, pacifism, and philosophical writings.
Previously it was thought that atoms were the smallest form of matter therefore ultimately stable and indivisible. However, in 1919 Ernest Rutherford was able to break apart the nucleus of nitrogen with alpha particles from a radioactive source. Following these discoveries research in the area of nuclear fission took off as scientists and physicists around the world were bombarding atoms with alpha particles. Consequently rapidly advancing knowledge on the subject. In 1933 Hungarian physicists Leo Szilard proposed that if an atom split and released more neutrons than it required to split it that an expanding nuclear chain reaction could be the result.
He pretty much worked in every possible things in physics motions,gravity, and many others. He won his Nobel prize due his activity in world war 1. Hes e=mc2 equation helped build atomic bomb, and he knew it was dangerous to be used he tried to kept it as for peaceful due, by giving out the information to the League of Nation, but then in World War 2 when the bomb was used he was in trouble. Einstein helped many movement like civil right movement, human right movement,...
Einstein also won a Nobel prizes for succeeding physicists and he began to work towards his ultimate dream, “a theory of everything” (Michio par.48). While Einstein did not live to see his dream through, leading physicists all over the world work tirelessly toward his dream of a theory of everything. In looking at Einstein’s life, one can infer that he fits definitively into the category of INTP “the thinker” in MBTI. His curiosity and inquisitive mind has led mankind to a higher understanding of the universe and the surroundings. His thoughts and theories have given people a microscopic view of atoms as well as a macroscopic view of the universe.
Niels Bohr was a major contributor to modern physics. He won a Nobel Prize for his work on the atomic model. Also he came up with a way to furthermore define what a nucleus looks like, and also worked on the Quantum theory. He accomplished all of this while living in Copenhagen, Denmark and being a Jewish Chemist during World War II. Post-war he became a major contributor to his Open-World theory of helping Nations intelligence between each other about weapons of mass destruction.