Albert Camus And Existentialism

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When French Noble Prize winning author, journalist, and philosopher, Albert Camus, died in 1960 at the age of 46 his literary works that incorporated ideas of existentialism and absurdism were still studied and interpreted by scholars and his colleagues. Existentialism was one of the two philosophies Camus believed in and used in his works; existentialism is philosophical movement that focuses on the importance of the individual experience and self responsibility. The individual is seen as a free part in a deterministic and meaningless universe. The second philosophy Camus used and believed in was absurdism; a philosophy based on the idea that life and work are meaningless and looking for order causes inner and outer chaos. Camus had a dual culture as he was born in Algeria and lived most of his life in France, his culture duality also is expressed in his works. 1920's Algerian writer Albert Camus's works were profoundly impacted by his experiences in French colonial Algeria, his philosophical ideas and findings of existentialism, and current events of his times such as war, independence,and violence. Albert Camus was born in Mondovi, Algeria. He was the second son to Lucien and Catherine Camus. Camus suffered from Tuberculosis and he was sent to live with his aunt and uncle. There his uncle, Gustave, was able to educate him and add drive of curiosity to his nephew. As his writing career be gain to grow Camus moved to France in 1938. Where he in 1942 at the age of 29 Camus he wrote his famous book, The Stranger. Connections between the protagonist, Meursault, and Camus can be seen because of small similar details between both of the main characters and authors lives. When Camus was one year old his father died in the Bat... ... middle of paper ... ... evening, on leaving the office, they forgather, at an hour that never varies, in the cafes, stroll the same boulevard, or take the air on their balconies. The passions of the young are violent and short-lived; the vices of older men seldom range beyond an addiction to bowling, to banquets and "socials," or clubs where large sums change hands on the fall of a card (Camus,The Plague)." Here it shows an example of existentialism as it did in The Stranger. In both novels the main characters of interest are consumed by repetitive redundant lives; which reflects the philosophy. But this novel, The Plague, also shows possibly a reason why Camus denies existentialism. In The Plague it is expressed that man is good of at least has potential to be good. These is seen in characters that choose to fight the disease and do not give into the absurdity of a meaningless universe.
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