They remind that children are born explorers and natural learners, educating this out of them deploys emotional instability, rejection and skepticism and achieves just the opposite. Opponents then challenge that standardized testing is a objective means to evaluate comprehension and continue to hold onto the image that Common Core standards eliminate wasting time by focusing on the essential subje... ... middle of paper ... ...ychology. (Vol. 8, pp. 242-243).
Many of the teaching techniques and ideals that are practiced in the classroom today originated from these philosophers. These four philosophers though from two very different time periods had some very similar ideas about education. Jean Jacques Rousseau said that children are born innocent and pure, and become contaminated by the world, as they grow older. “Everything is good as it comes from the hands of the Maker of the world but degenerates once it gets into the hands of man”. (Cahn 163) This quote shows that Rousseau saw the world as an imperfect place that corrupted ... ... middle of paper ... ...that they had a firm grasp on what it takes to give children a proper education, and to prepare them for the real world.
Waks, L. (2013). John Dewey and the Challenge of Progressive Education. International Journal of Progressive Education. [Online] 9 (1), 73-83. Available from: http://www.tandfonline.com.atlas.worc.ac.uk/doi/pdf/10.1080/03004279.2013.819618 [Accessed 6 December 2013].
Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy. Retrieved January 14, 2012, from http://plato.stanford.edu/entries/social-institutions/#AgeStr Ritzer, G. (2011). 10. Sociological theory (8th ed., p. 351-390). New York: McGraw- Hill.
History of Theory Cognitive behavior therapy is a relatively young theory in comparison with other theories or approaches available for our use today. Cognitive behavior therapy is thought to be founded by Aaron Beck and Albert Ellis. Both men had made great contributions to the theory and helped make the theory what it is today. We can look back and see that cognitive therapy has historic roots that can be traced back to classical learning of John B. Watson and B. F. Skinner-operant conditioning (Leichsenringme et al., 2006). Cognitive behavior therapy is a structured model that places responsibility on the client to be active in therapy, homework is often used and assigned which allows the client to fully be active in the process, also creates a strong therapeutic relationship between the client and therapist and additionally helps with strategies toward change (Corey, 2013).
Vygotsky’s theory therefore was established from his past experiences and his interests in children’s development. Vygotsky’s sociocultural theory is one of the key theories that early childhood educators implement in their practices. In his theory he emphasises the significance that language plays in children’s development (Pound L, 2012). Although Piaget’s theory to... ... middle of paper ... ...r understand the importance of scaffolding which allows educators to be able to diagnose children’s learning needs and development of teaching techniques to meet them. To conclude although Vygotsky’s theory isn’t as complete as other theories, his theory is one that is important for educators to adopt.
However, Dewey focused on practical problem solving and experience reflection, which is a strong component in all the adult learning theories. Still other classics are early influencers of adult learning theories with Kolb’s experiential learning, Tough’s self directed learning, and Mezirow’s transformative learning, yet these individuals cannot be considered the single contributor of any one of the learning theories. We cannot put all adult learning in a box since each individual has a personalized history that often influences how a learning method impacts the student. Each theory has benefits and drawbacks depending on the needs for a certain environment, individual or