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Alan Turing was a pioneer in the world of computers and technology by contributing to the fields of mathematics, computer science, and artificial intelligence, along with other fields as well. He lived from June 23, 1912 until June 7, 1954. Born in London, he spent his childhood living in England as the son of a member of the Indian Civil Service. While his father was commissioned in India, he and his brother lived in numerous different English foster homes. As a child, he expressed a strong interest and passion for science. Turing studied mathematics in King’s College, University of Cambridge, and graduated in 1934. He completed his Ph.D. in mathematical logic in 1938 in Princeton University.
One of the things Alan Turing is known for is his creation of the concept of the Turing Machine. His ideas were presented in a paper, written in 1936. The Turing Machine is not a physical machine; it is a hypothetical mathematical tool and model. It was an idea of a computing device that could do any computation by performing a set of specified steps. A Turing Machine works by using a line of “tape,” which is made up of a line of squares called cells. Each cell has a symbol, character, or number written in it, called the input. The machine can also exist in various states, and it starts in the initial state. The machine goes over the tape and scans each cell. When it reads what is in the cell, it performs a function based off of the character in the cell, the state of the machine, and instructions programmed into the machine. The machine can either move to the next cell to the right of left, change what is in the current cell, or change states. The machines repeats until a certain signified condition is met. Because of it set-up, ...
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...he was injected with female hormones for a year in an attempt to make him asexual, a method called chemical castration. He suffered many negative side effects from this punishment. Aside from the medical side effects of the hormonal treatment, his arrest banned him from traveling to a lot of countries, like the United States, and banned him from further working with cryptology. On June 8, 1954, his housekeeper found Turing dead in his house. The cause of his death was cyanide poisoning. It was decided that it was suicide, but some believe it may have been an accident with one of his experiments or done by another person or group. In his life, Alan Turing made a huge impact in the world of computer science, and his work and contributions laid groundwork in that area for many years in the future. Some consider him to be the founder of the field of computer science.

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