Darfur 2007: Chaos by Design. Background. Retrieved on January 30, 2011 from http://www.hrw.org/en/node/10678/section/5 Robinson, B.A. (2004). Mass Crimes Against Humanity and Genocide: Currently Active Cases Sudan.
Although this program is creating some jobs it will never alleviate the majori... ... middle of paper ... .../publication/18376/combating_maritime_piracy.html Hoffman, B. (1998). Inside Terrorism. The New York Times, p. 32. Retrieved January 17, 2011, from http://www.nytimes.com/books/first/h/hoffman-terrorism.html Piracy off the Coast of Somalia and the Response by the United States and International Community.
This assessment will evaluate the internal threats that Nigeria faces, analyze the regional impact that Nigeria has on the continent of Africa, and demonstrate cause and effects. Threats The northern portion of Nigeria faces a formidable threat from the Islamic insurgent group Boko Haram. Boko Haram has managed to undeniably gain control over entire cities in northern Nigeria through extreme acts of brazen violence and intimidation. Boko Haram established itself to combat the influence of western civilization and establish a Muslim dominant, Sharia law based government in Nigeria. Multiple mass casualty incidents have been claimed by or attributed to Boko Haram and, in some incidents, independent groups that have claimed to be part of Boko Haram.
Eritrea Says Ethiopia Military Raid Marks Decade of Aggression. Bloomberg Businessweek. Retrieved from http://www.businessweek.com/news/2012-03-16/eritrea-says-ethiopia-military-raid-marks-decade-of-aggression Foreign & Commonwealth Office (2012). Ethiopia. Foreign & Commonwealth Office.
According to Eurasia Review (2012) “After decades of civil war, North and South Sudan signed a Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA) in 2005. The CPA set standards for sharing oil revenue (50:50 split) and a timetable toward a referendum on the South’s independence.” On July 7, 2011, Sudan split into separate countries, Sudan and South Sudan, after declaring its independence from Khartoum. Historically, the relationship between the U.S. and Sudan has been coarse both economically and politically. The Embassy continues to evaluate its posture in Sudan regularly, particularly in the wake of the January 1, 2008, killings of a U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID) employee and his Sudanese driver in Khartoum.” Also, according to the Sudan Tribune “Sudan has been on the US economic sanctions list for more than a decade over allegations of supporting terrorism as well as human right abuses.” Currently, U.S. strategic priorities in Sudan include three main principles. First, a definitive end to conflict, gross human rights abuses, and justice for the genocide in Darfur.
This will be explored by examining Somali’s regional relations, U.S and al-Shabaab’s involvement in Somalia and assessing past and present facts, assumptions and the implications of their actions towards U.S. interests. Somali Never Ending Wars Somali and Ethiopians share a long history of power struggle over disputed border boundaries. The earliest hostile encounters between Somali and Ethiopians, dates back to the sixteenth century during Imam Ahmed Ibn Ibrahim al-Ghazi or Ahmed Gran’s jihad (holy war) (Gorman, 1981). Gran’s Muslim forces took control of a vast portion of Ethiopia and forced thousand to convert to Islam that left a deep physiological affect between Ethiopians and Somali’s. Ahmed Gran’s, success later came to an end as the Portuguese musketeers came to Ethiopia’s rescue (Gorman, 1981).
Insurgency has been continuously rising in Nigeria especially since the return of democracy in 1999 taking several forms, under several auspices and for several purported aims. Every form of government activity geared towards putting an end to the insurgency menace has proven abortive as death toll keeps rising. With many killed and lots maimed for life, the government still maintains they are on top of the situation (Mohammed). These acts of terrorism bring suffering and untold hardship on the citizens of the country and it seems endless. Yet the federal government wants to grant amnesty to the terrorists.
Everyone is watching this once promising new country implode, yet very little is being done to prevent it. At just three years old, Africa’s newest nation, South Sudan, is already facing turmoil due to ethnic and political rifts; if help and aid efforts do not increase, this country may be facing genocide. South Sudan has a population of nearly 10 million people and 14 di... ... middle of paper ... ...24/politics/south-sudan-explainer/ Gordon, M. R. (2014, May 2). South Sudan Will Talk With Rebels, Kerry Says. Retrieved May 24, 2014 , from The New York Times: http://www.nytimes.com/2014/05/03/world/africa/kerry-in-south-sudan-to-seek-an-end-to-fighting.html Jacobs, J.
The purpose of this paper is to shed light on the increasing terrorist threat to the United States, and western interests alike, by a growing radical group named Al Shabaab, primarily located in Somalia. The United States (U.S.) and the United Kingdom (U.K.) have described this radical group as a terrorist organization with strong ties to Al-Qaida. Due to the presence of Coalition Forces in Afghanistan, Al-Qaida has been on the hunt for a new, more permissive territory from which to operate. Somalia is an unstable country plagued by decades of political corruption, violence, and economic instability that make it a prime refuge for Al Shabaab to operate. As Al Shabaab tries to gain a stronghold in Somalia, any forces that threaten their goals are vulnerable to retaliatory or offensive attacks at the hands of this terrorist organization.
While the world focused its main effort on the war against terrorism to the Middle East, the African continent is silently grows as a safe haven for terrorist groups. Although these terrorist groups operate in different countries under different names, their connection to the most known international terror organizations is noticeable. For decades, countries of East, North and West Africa have been experiencing several heinous terrorist attacks that resulted into deaths of hundreds of people. The African states through African Union regarded terrorism as one of their major security concerns that needs collective action. African terror groups are taking opportunity of unstable governments to spread their ideology in remote regions and carry out their training.