Air Pollution in Japan

3040 Words13 Pages
Abstract This assignment presents one of the major environmental issues in Japan, air pollution. The major causes and impacts of Japan air pollution will be addressed and highlighted in details; air pollution have its significant health implication on humans, as well as the environment, the effects and damages may extend beyond any measure of tolerance. Numerous sustainable solutions were proposed by the government or the individuals. This assignment discussed these different solution along with it implications. Introduction Over hanging smog is one of the major signs of air pollution in a city. Air pollution presence differ from city to another, air pollutant can be classified as well in terms of its visibility, visible or invisible, Despite of the different form, air pollution is a major contributor to global warming. Air pollution can be defined as "the introduction of chemicals, particulate matter, or biological materials that cause harm or discomfort to humans or other living organisms, or damages the natural environment into the atmosphere" (Air Pollution, 2010). Japan, consists of over three thousands chain of islands, extending along the Pacific coast of Asia. Steps elevations, climate, earthquakes risk, soft ground, and heavy rain areas, can be classified as the general typography of about 70% to 80% of the country which in general forested, and mountainous, that’s unsuitable for agricultural, industrial, or residential use. Leaving the country to about 30% to 20% area that is suitable to build its civilization and industry; this shows clearly that high population density will result in the habitable zones which are located in coastal areas. When the industrial revolution in the 18 century started, Japan was... ... middle of paper ... ... These tax incentives and certification schemes are an ingenious way of benefiting the consumer and improving sales for the producer, all the while helping to curtail environmental degradation. Japan’s 2015 Fuel Economy Standards provide further evidence of the success of collaboration between government and industry. Implemented with the goal of improving passenger vehicle efficiency by 24%, from 32 miles per gallon (mpg) to 39.5 mpg, the target has already been met with Toyota’s development of the iQ and Prius.8,9,10 Compare this with the U.S.’s current standard of 27.5 mpg, set in 1985, for the same types of passenger vehicles. The U.S.’ 2015 Corporate Average Fuel Economy (CAFÉ Standards improve upon this current standard and are set at 35.7 mpg. However, as one can see, this is well below what is already being accomplished in Japan. (APSIA-Yearbook2009/Part2)
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