For many years climate change has become a crucial issue around the globe. The environment has considerably deteriorated by the change of climate: seasons are shifting, the earth 's climate is changing, sea levels are rising and ice is melting. Global warming and the greenhouse effect is a topic that is becoming more and more concerning and a lot of research is done in order to examine what the issues are and how these affect the economy (Stern, 2006; CCRA, 2012) but also business industry and politics (Hanley & Owen, 2004). This phenomenon is a result of approximately 100 years of carbon-dioxide emission (amongst other greenhouse gases) in the atmosphere (Stern, 2006). It is a serious phenomenon affecting the environment and living organisms. …show more content…
Approximately 4 million people are employed in these sectors (CCRA, 2012). Commercial forestry plays a very important role in the UK economy since it is beneficial to tourism, education, biodiversity and recreation (CCRA, 2012). More particularly, there has been a significant increase in the Gross Domestic Product agriculture contribution from 1.4% in 1996 (Muriel et al, 1996) to 7.1 % of GDP during 2011 (CCRA, 2012). This demonstrates how important the role of agriculture and forestry in the economy is. Due to flooding from rivers and the sea, substantial quantities of land can potentially be unsuitable for any agriculture activity (Gill, 2012). Heavy rainfall causes floods and potentially soil erosion. It also encourages the creation of pests and diseases, resulting to substantial crop losses (CCRA, 2012). On the other hand, some opportunities also arise; wealth of water availability causes increase in Sitka Spruce yield in Scotland (CCRA, 2012). Overall, the challenges outweigh the opportunities and the impact on agriculture is undoubtedly becoming more …show more content…
Due to the extreme weather conditions, the UK should be prepared accordingly to protect the crops and animals. One of the biggest losses in England was in 2007, were more than 40,000 hectares of farmland were destroyed due to floods, basically what brought a 40% of the products and the economic loss from 7 to 19 million pounds (Farming Futures, 2010). If greenhouse gas emission is carefully reduced to minimise the problems and risks then also better quality products will be more profitable for producers and consumers (Nelson, 2010). The flooding of rivers and rise of surface waters tends to increase the contamination underground and sometimes causes peat erosion in the soil. As a result, farmers cannot use the water and are forced to purchase it, for example, a herd of about 200 animals can cost approximately £10,000 of water expenses per year (Farming Futures, 2010). A possible solution is to create an organisation that can give smart, economical and less time consuming solution to the problems of climate change on farming, for instance, the problem with water could make a plan that will store water in reserved made any case of difficulty on this subject
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Climate change is a global problem because this Earth is home to many, and the artificial sources causing climate changes have been caused by many people over the course of many years. The changes can be seen on a day-to-day level through the rise in average surface temperatures (Figure 3A, Figure 3B). Climate change will change landscapes and increase sea levels due to the melting of ice and changes in water runoff; put wildlife at risk of extinction; increase the risk of drought, wildfires, and floods; lead to increased likelihood of storm damage due to stronger storms and storms occurring in previously not at risk regions; and cause a development in more heat related illness (“Climate Change: Threats and Impacts”). The repercussions of climate change will affect every nation, and major changes will have to be made for everything from farming to fashion. With every way of life at risk and every person and nation making contributions, whether extreme or minute, climate change is undoubtedly a global
Traditional agriculture requires massive forest and grassland removal to obtain land necessary to farm on. Deforestation and overgrazing has caused erosion flooding, and enabled the expansion of deserts. But with drainage systems, leveling, and irrigation provided by the Green Rev, all this terra deforming will unlikely happen again. We can retain clean air and lessen the global warming effect caused by deforestation.Many people argue that a revamp in agriculture will be way too expensive and unrealistic especially for those poor farmers in third world countries. However many times, they exaggerate the price.
Climate change, never has such an impending natural disaster been so heavily ignored. While this problem of Greenhouse Gasses holds more long-term implications than any other problem found today, little to nothing has been done to address this problem. Through the last century, industrialization has revolutionized the world, in all aspects of life from comfort to industry. While this has obviously had its benefits, it has also created a world that is almost entirely dependent on carbon dioxide producing technology. This has caused the single biggest problem when it comes to curbing this issue known as climate change. That problem is the simple fact that in order for the people to make a positive unified change in the C02 levels they produce, they’re going to have to make sacrifices. These sacrifices range from giving up or reducing their use of various CO2 producing technologies, to paying new taxes such as carbon taxes. The causes for Climate Change and the lack of action to curb it are, of course, complex, but there are at least three significant factors: High prices required to produce and implement low-carbon technology; lack of political and corporate support; and an extensive public reliance on technology (Weeks). More than this, the public, along with the government, have been unwilling to sacrifice either money or effort, which has only served to exponentially increase the problem at hand.
The climate is changing dramatically nowadays to a point that it has affected the world economy. This is due to the significant increase in human activities such as the burning of fossil fuels which are coal, oil and natural gases, agriculture activities, and deforestation (Australian Government n.d.). Therefore solutions to the climate change are needed in order to bring economic benefits.
Global warming and global climate change is the study of future increases of temperature across the globe. Studying climate change refers to how the over- all climate will change such as the dry places getting dryer and the wet places getting wetter. Global climate is dependent on “the greenhouse effect a natural process that helps regulate temperature” (Easterling and Karl). In the past few centuries humans have had a monumental effect on increasing of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere. Climate change is result of the increase amount of the greenhouse gasses in the atmosphere such as methane, carbon dioxide, water vapor, nitrous oxide, and ozone. “Global temperature has rose approximately 1.4 degrees Fahrenheit over
Climate change has become of the world’s major issue today. The earth’s climate is always changing in a very fast and also in different ways. Climate changes affect our lives psychologically, emotional and also physically. Climate change is defined as a long term change in the earth’s climate, especially a change due to the increase in the average atmospheric temperatures. Due to this change in temperature, a lot of changes has occurred in our environment, these changes include rising sea levels, flooding, melting of polar ice caps, hotter days, colder nights and heat waves. These climate changes plays an important role in shaping our natural ecosystem, our human economics and also the most important, it affects the human race. For
Forests, which are the dominant terrestrial ecosystem on Earth, play an essential role in the planet’s life support system (Bonan, 2008). Besides providing basic ecological and environmental services, they also supply humanity with valuable goods and services (Pearce, 2001). It is therefore necessary to constantly monitor forest ecosystems in order to comprehend the various processes and factors that determine their ecology, function and patterns. This, in turn, will allow devising proper management strategies to continue satisfying human needs, especially in this era of global environmental change.
3.0 The Practice of Forestry Forestry is loosely defined as the systematic management and use of forests and their natural resources for human benefit. Most often, forestry efforts have been initiated in response to indiscriminate timber cutting that denuded the land and caused erosion, floods or a shortage of food products. Ancient Forestry Practices In ancient times forest protection and nature conservation laws were in effect as early as 1, 700 BC. In the African Tropics, agroforestry (growing of food crops in association with trees) has been practiced for hundreds of years. Relatively little is known about tropical forestry before the mid 1800’s in most places.
The commonly debated “greenhouse effect” refers to “the global-average temperature increase that has been observed over the last one hundred years or more” (Spencer). President Barack Obama addressed the issue as an effort to highlight its severity, "We have to all shoulder the responsibility for keeping the planet habitable, or we’re going to suffer the consequences – together” (Leader). The earth’s increasing atmospheric and oceanic temperatures result in climate changes due to cumulative amounts of carbon dioxide (CO2) in the atmosphere.
Climate change has been an extremely controversial topic in recent history and continues to create much debate today. Many questions concerning climate change’s origins and its potential affect on the globe are not fully understood and remain unanswered. What is climate change? Is climate change happening? Is it a natural cycle of the world or are there other catalysts involved such as human activity? What proof is there? What data correlations show climate change is accelerated by humans? How serious is climate change and how will it affect the future of our globe? What are we doing to address climate change? Should we really be concerned about climate change? Questions such as these have made climate change a very serious issue in today’s world and created the ideology of climatism. The issue of climate change has affected many different aspects of our lives and the world we live in. Policymaking, human activism, technologies, emission control, global warming, alternative energy sources and many other things have been greatly affected by the mania of climate change. This research report will present climate change in a light of common sense and rationality that will take a grounded discussion of the science behind climate change, global warming, human activity, and how the ideology of climatism has corrupted and driven the actions to combat climate change.
No one can deny the basic human need for housing. And no one can deny that any advanced culture requires a great deal of paper to transact its daily business. However, one must also recognize the importance of forests in and of themselves. We must fight against deforestation and international community must also introduce stricter policies to stop deforestation. 1) First, we will talk about the effects of deforestation and why it's a problem. 2) Second, we will learn about the many causes of deforestation. 3) Lastly, we will cover how to solve this problem.
Climate change is an inevitable phenomenon that is being experienced globally in various forms such as temperature rise. Sea level rise, droughts, floods, hurricanes, landslides, etc. According to the forth assessment report of the IPCC project even with immediate implementation of mitigation strategies global climate change will continue for decades. Climate change is inflicting serious consequences on human wellbeing and will continue to inflict damages in the future. It is estimated that mean global temperature will rise by 1.8 ºC - 4.0 ºC by end of the 21st century (Izaurraade, 2009). A new global climate model predicts that in the coming decade the surface air temperature is likely to exceed existing records (Smith et al., 2007). Growing season temperatures in the tropics and subtropics by end of the 21st century will exceed the most extreme temperature recorded in the history (Battistic and Rosamond, 2009).
Job opportunities. Forests are economic engines with an incredible amount of horsepower. For example, almost one in four people depends on forests for their livelihoods in some way. Every year, people trade more than 100 billion worth of forest products like timber, bamboo, fruits and mushrooms. And the biodiversity found within forests is key to new medical discoveries, with nature-based products accounting for an estimated 42% of the revenue generated from the world’s top-selling pharmaceuticals.
One of the most substantial problems in the world today is global warming. This gradual warming of the earth is in occurrence at an extremely slow rate but it is happening. Many scientists believe that as human’s work and release greenhouse gases into the earth’s atmosphere, it can become dangerous for the long lasting life of humans and our environment. “Unless we take immediate action, the impacts of global warming will continue to intensify, grow ever more costly and damaging, and increasingly affect the entire planet - including you, your community, and your family” (“Global Warming Impacts”). Everyone should be knowledgeable about global warming and the dangers that it brings to our planet. This essay will examine
Agroforestry is defined as an integrated approach of using the interactive benefits from combining trees and shrubs with crops and livestock. It combines agricultural and forestry technologies to create more diverse, productive, profitable, healthy and sustainable land-use systems (Umrani et al. 2010). One particular type of agroforestry that would be beneficial if implemented in El Salvador is silvopastoral systems. This system have been successful in Central America focusing on utilizing woody perennial plants in pastures to improve cattle nutrition in dry season and help mitigate damage of overgrazing delicate grasses (Ibrahim et al., 2001). Economically, silvopastoral systems provide additional income in hard seasons for livestock farmers. Silvopastoral systems are more economically safe as the trees provide shade and improve soils for pastures, and when the animal prices drop, they are able to use their trees for timber (Camargo et al., 2005). Another type of agroforestry is live fences, which are fences of planted trees that divide pasture. Live fences have multiple benefits for both the farmer and the ecosystem: fodder for cattle, firewood, fruit, provide habitat for wild animals and connect wooded areas separated by agriculture (Harvey et al., 2005). This means that the biodiversity is conserved. Live fences in livestock areas also promote butterfly and bee conservation (Tobar and Ibrahim,