In 1950 there were only 131 million people of age 65 and older; in 1995 their number had almost tripled and was estimated at 371 million. Between now and 2025 the number will more than double again; and by 2050 we will probably have more than 1.4 billion elderly The percentage of elderly increased from 5.2 in 1950 to 6.2 in 1995. By 2050 one out of ten people worldwide will be 65 years of age or more. While currently population aging is most serious in Europe and Japan, China will experience a dramatic increase in the proportion of elder people by the middle of the next century. This is largely due to the country's success in family planning, which rapidly reduced the relative size of birth cohorts since the 1970s.The future number of people on the globe, evidently, is an important antropogenic factor of global change.
China's one child policy has effectively lowered the fertility rates from 8 to 1.8. Better life quality has also raised life expectancy. This then results in a higher percentage of old people in the population. Population pyramids also show that China has a large projected aging population (China's Population by Age & Sex, 1950 - 2050). So is this a good or bad situation?
http://www.simedarby.com/downloads/pdfs/SDB/Annual_Report/Sime_Darby_AR2012_Lowres.pdf (Accessed 12 May 2014) Sime Darby. 2011. Sime Darby Corporate Governance. Sime Darby : Developing Sustainable Futures. http://www.simedarby.com/upload/Sime_Darby_Corporate_Governance.pdf (Accessed 12 May 2014) Sime Darby.
The main reason for moderation in China is because they are so much more focused on production rather than consumption. Last year, China’s consumption accounted for 35 percent of their economy; a little over 10 years ago, it was rated that 50 percent accounted for their overall consumption (Reich, 2010). Foreign exports and imports arose dramatically, increasing the yearly expansion rate of trade to about 7.4 percent. The Chinese economies share in world trade grew a little under 2 percent from the late 1800s to the mid 1900s. By the early 20th century, comparative advantage was presented all throughout their economy (Yan, 2014).
Although China makes great economic achievements and improvements every year, the economic achievements is not that glorious when divided by the large denominator of population. B... ... middle of paper ... ... rate is 8.77‰( SFPCC) in China, it brings a population increase of 19,090,000(SFPCC statics), which equals a medium-sized country in Europe. As a result, overpopulation may not be that serious in some other countries, it does be the most serous social problem in China. In order to solve the overpopulation issue, the government should pay great attention to it. Some policies, such as “ One China policy”, have already been made in China.
This paper will discuss the current situations regarding population growth and the resulting population issues, as well as what policies have been implementing to overcome population issues in China, India, and Japan. China currently has over 1.3 billion people (1,355,692,576 as of 2014), making China the most populous country in the world. The worlds current population is approximately 7.1 billion, this means that China makes up almost 20% of the world’s population therefore, one in every five people in the world resides in China. In the 1970s, China experienced an increase in population, which led politicians and population planners to bring about a way to reduce the family size and slow down this increasing population rate. China's fertility rate is 1.7, meaning, each woman gives birth to 1.7 children throughout her life.
ARE THE FORCES THAT INFLUENCE CHINA’S TRADE SURPLUS OVER U.S. ACTUALLY GOOD FOR BOTH COUNTRIES? INTRODUCTION Over the last two decades, China has been increasing its trade surplus. To run into a surplus mean that the amount of goods a country exports is far less than its imports. According to the World Bank (2010), China reported a surplus in the balance of trade equivalent to $US 1.7 Billion in April of 2010. Furthermore, before the financial crisis, the Chinese economy had a record from 2006 to 2008 with the fastest-rising Gross Domestic Product (GDP) in 11 years.
Chinese government started to eliminate labor-intensive industries and expand domestic demand by investing funds. For example, a 4 trillion RMB stimulation plan is announced in 2008 (Xinhua.net). The merge of labor demand is majorly because of the rising wage level in China and the need of new vocation in the US. In the foreseeable future, China is transforming itself to be a domestic-demand stimulated country, and new manufacturing labor demands turns to other countries and US mainland. As a result of observing the economic data in China and the US, the business relationship of China and the US has really changed in some ways.
Even though the birth rate in China has dropped from 33.43 per thousand in 1970 to 21.06 per thousand in 1990, and the average children has declined from 5.01 per woman in 1970 to 2.31 per woman in 1990, China still has the a yearly increase of 17 million people and more than a quarter of the annual addition to the national income is consumed by new population born during the year. Many people claim that China should wait for a higher economic level to initiate a natural decline in birth rate as the way it has been for other industrialized countries.
Japanese Economy The Japanese economy is the second largest in the world, behind only the American economy. As such, its decade long downward slide has many lessons the American economy can learn from. The difference between the economies is one of degree, not type. Our own economy has been faltering of late, bringing fear of recession. The Japanese have been on that road for over ten years, and of late have been making aggressive moves towards a restructuring.