Throughout history, there have been turning points that have changed the course of society. The three most important turning points were the Age of Exploration, the Renaissance, and the Reformation. Each had many positive and negative effects on history. During the Age of Exploration, many explorers set out in their massive sailing ships to find another way to get to India, but what they discovered was a major turning point in the history of the world. During the Renaissance, many people in Europe began having new ideas and concepts about life and even started believing in humanism, which was emphasizing the value of humans in many forms (during this time it was art). And finally during the Reformation, it was a time of religious conflict was shaped Europe into what it was today.
The voyages of Columbus and Vasco de Gamma are often thought of as the beginning of an era, an era in which the inevitable dominance of Europeans came to be. These landmark voyages, however, would not have been nearly as significant if not for the broader cultural and contingent factors at work. The actions of European explorers and colonizers were heavily influenced by the previous decades of war and crusading. The policies and organizational structures of empires in the New World and on the Indian Ocean allowed Europeans to take advantage of that particular moment in history when they were able to exert their influence abroad with varying degrees of success.
The age of discovery had many aspects that made it unique from other time periods. During this time period the networks of trade were formed between people who wanted similar goods. There were religions discovered that did not resemble the religion of the Europeans. Trading also differed for some countries such as Africa, who used the barter system. In the end, the Europeans were appealed by countries that allowed them monetary gain rather than countries who would not serve a purpose for profit.
The conquest of exploring the New World was one rooted by the desire for gold and to increase trade within the market. In 1453, the Fall of Constantinople would be the basis on which eastern trading routes would close causing traders and merchants to push westwards. Before colonization, both the Portuguese and Spanish engaged in voyaging further for goods and gold. The Portuguese were the first to venture out further in search of gold and trade. The two most successful of these travelers were Marco Polo and Vasco de Game. Shortly after Marco Polo’s and de Gama, Spain would assist in sending out Christopher Columbus to find a trading rou...
The motives that inspired the Europeans to explore were economic specifically the rise of capitalism in Europe. Merchants, adventurers, and government officials wanted to find precious metals and expand the areas of trade, especially for the spices of the East. Second, was religious zeal. Europeans were motivated by their desire to increase the faith of Jesus Christ. Also, curiosity and a spirit of adventure also played a role in European expansion. The factors that explained their success were first, by the second half of the fifteenth century, European monarchies had increased both their authority and their resources and were in a position to turn their energies beyond their borders. Second, the Spanish monarchy was strong enough by the sixteenth century to pursue power both on the Continent and beyond. Third, by the end of the fifteenth century, European states had a level of knowledge and technology that enabled them to achieve a regular series of voyages beyond Europe. Fourth, cartography had developed allowing Europeans to possess fairly
During the European exploration, which was in the 15th and 16th century, explorers were sailing around to explore, trade, spread, or get new things. These places were throughout Europe (Spain, Portugal, etc.), America (The colonies), and through Asia. These explorers were sailing through the Indian, Atlantic and Pacific Oceans. These explorations started from Portugal with Bartolomeu Dias and Vasco da Gama and this time of exploration spread to different countries and other explorers such as Christopher Columbus, Hernando Cortez and more. All this exploration was all done with new sailing innovations and navigation schools (which was created by Prince Henry) which taught people to explore and sail across the sea. Some major points of European exploration were the discovery of the new world (America), which was a new place never explored by the Europeans. The exploration of the coastlines of the Indian Ocean and the China Sea, as well as explorers trying to find new and faster sea routes to different places, which was also important. European exploration in the 15th and 16th centuries was motivated by God (spreading Christianity), gold (wealth), and glory (becoming glorious for your country
While many civilizations have traveled at various points, it was the Europeans who, beginning in the sixteenth century, began to travel the most. “It was the Europeans who went out to the peoples of Africa, Asia, and the Americas, and never the reverse” (Adas, p. 2). As soon as European ships could be built that were large enough to endure long voyages, the Europeans set out in them, realizing that this was advantageous: “the relative advantage of Europeans was on the seas” (Cippola, 138). Through this, they visited many foreign countries, and were usually the ones doing the conquering. Other people were unprepared for t...
Without an access to the silk and spices they desired, Europe soon turned their interest elsewhere for a trade route. In 1492, Spanish explorers were off on an expedition in search of a westward sea route to the Indies. The expedition was led by Italian explorer Christopher Columbus who landed upon “unknown, uncharted land” in which he believed to be the Indies, but turned out to be the Americas. Columbus, believin...
Global Expansion and Interaction by, David Ringrose is about global history and civilization in Latin America, Africa, and Asia. World expansion between 1200 and 1700 offers a helpful perspective on the world since 1950. (Pg.4) The theme presented in the book is the global history during 1200 to 1700 and is displayed in a cross-cultural and comparative manner. By examining the five key fields of conflict, from Imperial China to the Aztec and Inca Empires, he demonstrates how cultural, economic, and political areas of impact overlapped and expanded. By 1700 this chaotic expansion had created a world of cultural, religious, and commercial interdependence. (Pg.6) The author observes that, by 1700, Europeans were effective around the world, but were not yet dominant in over a few parts and, as of 1700, their influence in the 19th century would’ve been difficult to anticipate.
...he First Nation’s interest in trading spread from the east to the west. The Europeans traveled westward to find more tradable goods. As the Europeans went west and created towns they also found more of what they wanted; Furs and foods. The European explorers returned to Europe rich from furs and other traded goods. All in all the Europeans were intrigued to travel westerly because of the trading.