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Against Stem Cell Cloning

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Cells that have the ability to become, basically, any other cell in the body are called stem cells. These cells would most likely develop in the beginning stages of life. These cells also have the potential to grow. Stem cells have the ability to divide numerous times without limit. This works as a type of repair system within the body. This way, when a stem cell does divide, the produced cells have the ability to remain a stem cell or become any type of cell in the body. When given a route, the stem cells will take on the given job as if that was their normal purpose. Stem cell cloning uses a base of two main types of stem cells. These two main types are adult stem cells and embryonic stem cells. The adult stem cell, according to the National Institutes of Health, is thought to be an undifferentiated cell, found among differentiated cells in a tissue or organ that can renew itself and can differentiate to yield some of all of the major specialized cell types of the tissue or organ. Adult stem cells usually have a specified job, and that job is to repair the tissue where they largely reside. Another type of stem cell is the embryonic stem cell. The embryonic stem cell is taken directly from an embryo, just like the name of the stem cell suggests. Usually, these embryonic stem cells are taken from fertilized embryos that have been donated with the donors consent. These donors are usually part of an in vitro fertilization experiment. In today’s society, researchers are experimenting with the possibility of producing reproductive stem cells, with the help of embryonic and adult stem cells, to completely clone another organism. The first successful clone of an adult mammal was “Dolly the sheep”. Dolly was a sheep that was born... ... middle of paper ... ...ics: In Stem Cell Information. 10 November 2013. stemcells.nih.gov/ CNN Library. 05 July 2013. Stem Cells Fast Facts. 10 November 2013. www.cnn.com/ Hanna, Kathi E. April 2006. Cloning/Embryonic Stem Cells. 06 November 2013. www.genome.gov/10004765 Landau, Elizabeth. 20 May 2013. Cloning Stem Cells: What does it mean? 06 November 2013. http://www.cnn.com/ Mayo Clinic. 23 March 2013. Stem Cells: what they are and what they do. 10 November 2013. http://www.mayoclinic.com/ Robinson, B.A. 12 October 2013. Stem Cell Research: All Viewpoints. 08 November 2013. www.religioustolerance.org/ Stem Cell Technologies. 6 November 2013. www.geneticsandsociety.org/ UW-Madison. 12 March 2004. Cures and Clones: Stem Cell in the News. 10 November 2013. www.genetics.thetech.org. Wade, Nicholas. 14 October 2013. The Clone Named Dolly. 06 November 2013. http://www.nytimes.com