Dubois and Garvey both held and promoted the belief that, as an alienated citizen in Ameri... ... middle of paper ... ...and with Pan Africanism, because without this desire for self-determination and giving a sense of self-worth, there would not have been as many followers for either. While essentially Pan-Africanists by definition, Garvey and Dubois had fundamental differences within their ideologies, which can make the argument that the two men were not fighting for the same thing at all. It is important to remember that the main point of black social uplift and restoration of self-dignity is at the epicenter of the men’s’ messages, and thus provides an interesting comparison between the two ideologies. Pan-Africanism, at its height, drew support from all over the world, and united the black in the diaspora; the uniting was not always welcomed by the native Africans, but achieved the goals of Garvey and Dubois’s desire for a sense of oneness throughout the black community.
Washington. Du Bois made distinct remarks towards how the differences in their upbringing impeded the sort of freedom of thought he was able to have, and showed contempt for his perceived allegiance with whites in their agreement that blacks were not equal, or as valuable to require such equality; this was evidenced in the way he limited his own endeavors in pursuit of higher education, and political and economic gains for all black people. Du Bois tomb was also formally connected with the evolution of black culture. It has been identified as a precursor of the social revolution, the inception of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (N.A.A.C.P. ), and a vision for how to confront and defeat the ‘color-line’ issue facing black Americans.
Washington as a former slave himself, he knew that there no way in the near that the American government would grant equality for African-Americans, and believed that blacks shouldn’t push to attain equal civil and political rights with Americans. He thought that by Africans not demanding for equal rights it was the best method to improve their quality of their character and economic skill. Washington knew that eventually African – Americans would earn love and respect from the whites, and that political and civil rights would increase as a matter of course. Washington’s philosophy concerning the role of African Americans was tempered by his belief in “accommodation”. He tries to believe that if African American ignored, and concentrated on their economic future that political rights would follow.
Cone and Wilmore proposed ideas of Black Theology. I believe that their theories show how African-Americans can gain their own identity through their own practices of religion and culture. I believe that the greatest struggle of African-Americans in a racist society is the struggle to regain collective identity and culture. However, they show how it is very possible to rise above racial discrimination, and stereotypes. Although Albert Raboteau was not necessarily a theologian, his claims of slaves finding their own way of life despite being dehumanized, easily relate to the ideas of Cone and Wilmore.
DuBois criticized the, “here and now” approach, because his concern was with the future of the black and white world in which they lived. In Souls of Black Folk, DuBois mentions a veil that needs to be uncovered for blacks and whites to “come tenderly and cheerily into those sad little lives and brush the brooding hate away” (The Souls of Black Folks, 91). Removing such a veil would difficult, but with a proper education, DuBois believed one day someone would lift the it. What was a proper education? DuBois, unlike Washington, believed that proper education was with a higher education, and not an industrial one.
Emphasizing the achievements of one group suggests that it is superior or different to another. Wortham goes on to explain that such an educational policy could in fact, lead to lower self esteem levels in white and black child... ... middle of paper ... ...s that Afrocentrists are purely detrimental to the African-American zeitgeist. Walker makes Dee such a negative character to reflect her opinion about the merits of Afrocentrism. She uses Everyday Use as a vehicle to propel the idea that any form of centrism is wrong. Furthermore, rather then focusing on our own cultural backgrounds we should all embrace the diversity of our collective society.
During the post-bellum period, both Blacks and Whites fought to define the social structure of the New South following the passage of the Thirteenth Amendment. Blacks sought to express their freedom in the simplest terms through the control of their own political, economic, and social life. Nonetheless, humiliation and injustice defined freedom for Blacks in the New South as institutions, both federal and local, failed to support the rule of law. A rigid framework crafted through means of power and fear came to define the social status of the “New Negro”. However, within the framework existed a small amount of fluidity which acted as the motive power for African Americans as they transitioned from a long freedom struggle into the Civil Rights movement.
Walter provides a viable justification for Black reparation. He believe that through the passage of Black reparation, the Black voice will finally be visible in American society. However, white conservative contest the idea of Black reparation as “opening up old wounds”; thus they advocate for the idea of “moving on.” In order to fully help the Black community, a viable alternative form of Black reparation must be achieved. Aiding Blacks with educational opportunities seems the most viable not because blacks are intellectually inferior but rather the education system in America is systematically racists; thus, it obstruct the success of many Blacks. As Walter suggest, reparation to Black should occur because it is the social responsibility of America to rectify its wrongdoing; thus with this argument, reparation becomes a form of social justice.
The opposing ideas of these African American leaders are illustrated in Du Bois’ short story, “Of the Coming of John”, where Du Bois implies his opposition to Washington’s ideas. He shows that the subordination of educated black individuals does not result in gaining respect or equality from the white community. In fact, he suggests that subordination would lead the black community to be further oppressed by whites. However contrasting their views might have been, Booker T. Washington and W.E.B. Du Bois were significant influential black leaders of their time, who changed the role of the black community in America.
While DuBois respected Booker T. Washington and his accomplishments, he felt that blacks needed political power to protect what they had and what they earned. DuBois called for a new plan of action. He felt that the greatest enemy of blacks was not necessarily whites but it was the ignorance of the whites concerning the capabilities of the black race. DuBois 's answer was to encourage the development of black youth in