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African Americans and the Civil War

analytical Essay
691 words
691 words
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From the inauguration of Lincoln and the secession of eleven states to the Union to the first exchange of fires at Fort Sumter, the inevitable Civil War began. Ever since America began to expand as an independent country, sectionalism (where the North wanted the abolition of slavery while the South wanted slavery) and growing conflicts between the north and south has always closely revolved around the issue of slavery. This long due problem finally blows up in the “United” States of America’s face as the Civil War. Conflicts relating to African Americans caused the war, changed the course and complications of the war, and shaped the war results in both informal and formal ways. African Americans also participated actively in the military during the Civil War. After Lincoln’s Emancipation Proclamation in 1863, African Americans were officially allowed to enlist in the army. Most of the slaves remained in the south while tens of thousands abandoned southern plantations to join the Union (Doc A). About ten percent of the total Union enlistments on both land and sea were consisted of blacks. African Americans joined and fought willingly (Doc B) and bravely now that they had a cause to fight for—the removing of slavery. More than thirty-eight thousand died in war for the Union, suffering in the Fort Pillow Massacre and serving in units such as the Fifty-Fourth Massachusetts regiments and other black military units. Due to prejudice and ideas, the Confederacy did not enlist slaves into the army until the war was nearly over; confederate slaves worked on farms while white men joined the army. The novel idea of African Americans engaged in the war, marching and fighting for the Union, changed many whites’ view and treatment of blacks. ... ... middle of paper ... ...rstand God’s words (Doc E). They relied on the people who freed them to educate them. Other actions such as Civil Rights Act in 1866 granted blacks the same rights of an American citizen opposed to the Black Codes. Figures such as previously beaten Charles Sumner and Thaddeus Stevens defended slaves and fought for their rights. The election of President Grant was also deeply connected to the African Americans. Once African Americans were officially citizens and counted as voters instead of three-fifths a person, they held powers in voting and elections. President Grant won the election due to the popular vote of blacks. The entire of history of America has always been tied with African Americans. These people took part in sparking the Civil War, shaping the development in the process, and the consequences of the war through reconstruction socially and physically.

In this essay, the author

  • Explains that the inevitable civil war began with the inauguration of lincoln and the secession of eleven states to the union. sectionalism and growing conflicts between the north and south revolved around the issue of slavery.
  • Explains that african americans participated actively in the military during the civil war. the confederacy did not enlist slaves into the army until the war was over.
  • Analyzes how lincoln strengthened the moral cause of the union for civil war by augmenting the issue of slavery to this war. the emancipation proclamation didn't change things immediately for the african americans.
  • Explains that african americans were a huge part of the reconstruction process after the death of slavery and the emancipation proclamation during the civil war.
  • Explains that president grant's election was deeply connected to the african americans. once they were officially citizens, they held powers in voting and elections.
  • Opines that the entire history of america has always been tied to african americans. these people took part in sparking the civil war, shaping the development in the process, and the consequences of the war through reconstruction.
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