(American Geriatrics Society & American Association for Geriatric Psychiatry, 2003). The literature also states that depression goes untreated very often among African-Americans. One of the reasons for this may be that cultural differences in the way depression symptoms are manifested, defined, interpreted and labeled may in part explain some of these racial differences in help-seeking behaviors. (O’Connor et al., 2010). In fact, depression looks different for the typical black patient, than the typical white depressed patient.
It seems as though racism is the cause of many of the health problems that are faced by African Americans. Whether it is because African Americans generally do not receive the same health service as Whites or because direct racism causes higher blood pressure, racism has a negative health effect on African Americans (Belgrave &Allison, 2010). Purpose The purpose of this experiment is to see whether racism has an effect on the self-esteem of African Americans and the health risks associated with racism, mainly high blood pressure. The independent variable is perception of racism and the dependent variables are the self... ... middle of paper ... ...nd blood pressure. Racism is a problem facing many African Americans in the United States.
By the government establishing separate facilities for blacks and whites, it showed its own discrimination towards African Americans. Even though facilities were supposed to be equal, the mere fact that they were separate and not integrated supported the idea that the two groups were not equal. After the Civil war, it could not be expected for blacks to immediately integrate with whites; however, different measures should have been taken by the government to ensure the proper and equal treatment of everyone.
Mental illness is an increasing problem in America. Currently about 26.2% of Americans suffer from a mental disorder. A mental illness/disorder is a medical condition that disrupts a person’s thinking, feeling, mood, and ability to relate to others and daily functions. Mental illness can affect humans of any age, race, gender and socioeconomic status. However the care that is needed to effectively cure and help the people affected by the illness is not equal for everyone here in American, especially for African Americans.
African American racism though said not to be present today has influenced discrepancies in economic classes, self-esteem, and perception of one another, and stereotypes that affected the victimized. Racism against the Black community though in the past continues to influence the self-esteem of the victimized individual, affecting their thoughts and actions towards themselves. The effects of stratification of skin color in Blacks that existed during slavery linger into today’s society. Preferential treatment was given to lighter pigmented slaves, who were often children of the slave master and an enslaved. Preference to lighter skin by Blacks is given in part because of positive attributes associated with the particular skin tone throughout history.
Past studies have used these statistics to prove that this perceived discrimination is a stressor that can cause a variety of mental illnesses, ranging from anxiety, to depression, to phobia. However, a recent paradigm shift has occurred, changing the way researchers are looking at black-American psychology. Psychologists have recognized a certain fortitude within the black community, leading them to believe that discrimination, in actuality, has not had as much of a deteriorating effect as previously understood. To prove this theory, researchers compared the psychological health of both blacks and whites and discovered that in today’s society, blacks actually have better mental health than whites (Keyes). But why do black-Americans have such high psychological health?
Consider the following: * African-American patients with a broken arm or leg are less likely to be given pain medication in emergency rooms than white patients with similar injuries and complaints of pain, according to a new study published in the Annals of Emergency Medicine. [Reuters 12/28/99] * African-Americans with symptoms of heart trouble are only about half as likely to be referred for the best testing and treatment as are their white counterparts. [Times-Dispatch 3/31/99; NEJM 2/25/99 ] * African-American cancer patients in nursing homes are severely undertreated for pain - some don't even get aspirin. [NY Times 6/17/98; JAMA 6/17/98] * Black and poor Medicare patients are more likely than others to be discharged from hospitals in unstable condition. [Contra Costa Times 4/20/94; JAMA 4/20/94] * African-American women receive less breast cancer screening than their counterparts of other races.
If we were to apply a longitude exposure study over the span of 42 years from the time an inner-city child is born, we may conclude that life experiences resulting from potential malnutrition, underprivileged environments, and overall lack of health education are the leading contributors to adult African American deaths. Studies show that 8 of the 10 leading causes in the deaths of African Americans are medical disease, which with proper education and care may have been prevented and/or addressed earlier in their life to diagnose and treat. The fact is Heart Disease is the leading cause of deaths for African Americans. When compared to other ethnicities, some form of heart disease causes 24.5% of African American deaths. These numbers are astounding considering Blacks make up approximately only 14.2% of the total U.S. population.
In other words, most of the civil right leaders were African Americans who wanted to stop segregation and have equal rights. Therefore, African Americans listened to civil right leaders, because their courage and knowledge helped African Americans during the civil right movement. Martin Luther King Jr. made African Americans aware that changes needed to be made when it came to segregation laws. Segregation was a way for white society to separate themselves from African Americans. Segregation dehumanized African Americans, because they were always treated like outcast.
Mental health literacy, similar to health literacy, provides information about mental health disorders and how to aid their management, awareness and prevention. There are many myths and misconceptions about mental health and illness in the world, which makes it hard for people affected to find help. Health Literacy is important in helping to bring awareness to mental health facts, rather than to the myths that makes accepting mental illness difficult. In America, among mental health, minorities are less likely to seek help because of various reasons like stigmatisms about mental illness (“Unite for Sight”). Stigmatisms and social acceptance affect the decisions of minorities more than European Americans (“Unite for Sight”).