Many minorities especially women have been subjected to unjust treatment. This has ultimately caused the striving for success to be something that was deemed as unattainable by many; cause of it all – Discrimination. Discrimination can be defined as the unjust or prejudicial treatment of different categories of people or things; particularly on the grounds of race, age, or sex. Discrimination has been around the world since the conception of time, and still handling matters of today discrimination often plays a part. With discrimination being the primary word it is being used based on Affirmative Action and the term “glass-ceiling”.
The term “glass ceiling” was coined by the Wall Street Journal to describe “the apparent barriers that prevent women from reaching the top of the corporate hierarchy” (Women in business). Today, it is applied to all instances of discrimination preventing advancement in a career. Business Training defines it as “A phrase used to describe an invisible barrier to promotion. It can also be seen as an all encompassing opportunity on the surface, when in reality the ‘Glass Ceiling’ is hit and growth or promotion stops.” African Americans face many problems in the workplace, including: obstacles in employment, promotion and advancement difficulties, channeling into “minority” positions, and lack of access to network and mentors (Queralt).
“Affirmative action has been one of the most controversial issues in the united states during the last several decades”- James A. Beckman (2004 Affirmative Action, Encyclopedia). In both History and the present, minorities have been dealing with problems such as racial, labor and educational issues. The job of Affirmative Action is creates methods to ensure fair treatment for minorities for each of these issues. In some cases there have been many debates on whether the methods that Affirmative Action implies are the correct ways to ensure fair treatment for minorities especially on higher education. Given education’s importance in a global job market, Affirmative Action is a reasonable method for ensuring the fair treatment of minorities in higher education due to its history of creating opportunities for minorities to compensate for centuries of racial, social, and economic oppression.
The most common question that arises in contemporary debates over affirmative action is, “Does affirmative action still work as intended?” The original purpose of affirmative action in college admissions was to eliminate racial bias in the applicant selection process and provide a helping hand to disadvantaged minority students. Has this happened? The simple answer is “No”, but a more precise answer requires more elaboration. Richard Rodriguez, the Mexican-American author of Hunger of Memory and a direct beneficiary of early affirmative action policies, puts it this way, “I think – as I thought in 1967 – that the black civil rights leaders were correct: Higher education was not, nor is it yet, accessible to many black Americans” (Rodriguez 144).
Imagine, your walking down the street looking for a job. You see a sign in the window that says, “Whites encouraged to apply.” Imagine the period in time when just being white got you into a college, without any other considerations of grades or athletic ability. Those were the days of the Jim Crow laws. Now these instances have happened in the past 20 years, through new laws called Affirmative Action. The big argument is over these few years of affirmative action. Have they alleviated the pain of the Jim Crow laws? The answer to that question is no. Especially, in the case of the University of Michigan‘s use of Affirmative Action in the acceptance of students. Using race as a factor of admission is wrong and is reverse discrimination.
Non-African Americans that choose to listen to African American stereotypes are pretty much saying that they only need to meet one African American to know what all the others are like. This is a big problem for African Americans that don’t even meet the criteria of those said stereotypes. All African Americans are judged one way. Are black men acknowledge for their positive contributions and their brain beneath the body? “There is no study that shows that African-American people aren’t as smart or hard working as Whites” (Senghas). Several African American men don’t get equal opportunity in the hiring process because of their race and the stereotypes behind them like lazy and criminal. Society fails at identifying how hard African Americans work to get a job or when they have one just to avoid discrimination. Not all the stereotypes are negative but the main ones that affect how people look at the black race are. The stereotypes that say African Americans are athletic, religious, and musically gifted are actually positive ones until people outside of the black co...
Affirmative action inevitably leads to reverse discrimination. In many cases, racial majorities who work harder, and are more qualified for higher education, are denied acceptance strictly because they are white. In 1964, affirmative action was created to ensure that “minorities, specifically blacks, were to be included in the work force and on the university campus,” (Connolly, 2005). Today, as extreme racism is less relevant in society, affirmative action forces universities and companies to view race as a determining factor in the futures of aspiring students. Studies show that many colleges discriminate against high-achieving Whites and Asians to lower their admission numbers (Taylor, 2013). This illustrates how affirmative action fits the definition of discrimination. This damages the lives of students as their racial backgrounds overshadow their achievements. A recent lawsuit involving a white woman rejected from the University of Texas due to her race was dismissed by Justice Kennedy, as he upheld that it is necessary to “produce the educational benefits of diversity,” (Dunham, 2013). Colleges and universities are discriminating against the majority to increase and publicize their diverse classrooms. Sacrificing intelligence and qualifications for the “benefits of diversity” is unjust and creates a skewed system of admissions.
Finnie, Scott. “The Debate Over Class-Based Versus Raced-Based Affirmative Action in Higher Education.” Journal of Intercultural Disciplines 8 (Winter 2010): 181-92. ProQuest News and Magazines. Web. 30 Mar. 2012
As the article noted, “young women reported that they felt negative expectations were placed n them from a variety of sources including the media, teachers, and sometimes even family members” (Thomas, Hacker, and Hoxka 534). These negative expectations impacted the self-identity and self-value of these women. African American women are face the stereotypes of “Mammy (self-sacrificing nurturer), Jezebel (highly sexualized), and Sapphire (angry, hostile, and emasculating),” which caused these images to influence young African American women’s images of themselves (Thomas, Hacker, and Hoxka 535). The women from this study also noted that they felt that they needed to overcome the stereotypes and break the barriers surrounding them by being more empowered and having
Many of us are faced with the idea that we will never be able to live up to society 's expectations. That no matter what we do as human beings, nothing will ever be perfect to society. In the short documentary film “A Girl like Me,” the director of the film examines the importance of color of skin, hair and facial features for young African-American woman. The director 's purpose was to empower the women and let them know they can overcome these false stereotypes. The film starts by including some of the most common misconceptions and stereotypes of African-American women, naming a few were, loud, ghetto, and obnoxious. These stereotypes caused a buildup of anger and insecurities that these young women think they are forced to live with. As