The Civil Rights Act of 1964 ended segregation in public places and banned employment discrimination on the basis of race, color, religion, sex, or national origin. It was the “Crowning Legislative” achievements of Civil Rights movement. Before the Act of 1964, 57% of
The latter part of the Civil Rights Movement was characterized by action and change as it was no longer centralized in the South or only fought for by black individuals. Rather, northerners were active in achieving black equality and the white community was campaigning for integration. Although many lost their lives in this struggle, their valiancy did not go unrewarded and soon enough African Americans were able to vote, work, study, and simply eat lunch beside white individuals.
The civil rights movement deeply affected American society and on a larger scale the world. Among its most important achievements were two major civil rights laws passed by Congress. These laws ensured constitutional rights for African Americans and other minorities. But racism was and still is by no means solved. Today’s society is still plagued with a fundamental discriminatory outlook on minorities, but the Civil Rights Movement created a step in the right direction for african americans among other minorities and inspired countless other
The African American civil rights movement was an ongoing movement that lasted from (1954-1968), in an effort to end racial discrimination, segregation, and inequality. African Americans at the time were banned from associating with any of the white community, and were banned from most white public facilities, such as schools, hospitals, restrooms, waiting rooms, restaurants, just about everything. Signs like “whites only,” were posted on buildings to keep African Americans out, but this did not stop there movement. The movement created many leaders, fighters and ultimately a new plan to stop the racial discrimination against the blacks in the south and all around the country. Many African American leaders had a huge impact in this nonviolent
The many leaders of the Civil Rights Movement were: Rosa Parks, Martin Luther King Jr., Thurgood Marshall, little rock nine, John Brown, Linda Brown, Ruby Bridges, Frederick Douglass, Plessey Scott, JFK, and Malcolm X. All of these men and women had a great influence on the movement’s success in the United States and helped end racial segregation. It all started in 1954 in the Brown vs. Board of Education in Topeka, Kansas. The people who were involved were John Brown and Linda Brown. This happened because of the separate but equal law created 60 years earlier in the Plessey vs. Ferguson case when Plessey lost and created separate but equal laws.
As non-violence was used, the oppressors had no justification to why they should oppress the blacks, who were actually doing nothing much to harm others. If King had chosen to use violent ways like Malcolm X had preferred, the demonstrators would have been seen as nothing more than terrorists who caused social disorder. His methods being “that of persuasion, not coercion,” the images of the blacks being attacked ruthlessly could hit the media, giving all the publicity King had wanted. For instance, the sit-ins were started by four black students from a local college, who demanded to be served at a whites-only lunch counter. They were rejected, but instead of leaving, the four students sat there, refusing to move - this influenced many around America and soon segregated lunch counters were full of blacks who were not being served. After a few days, white supremacists started attacking the blacks, and if the blacks had attacked the whites back, this event would have turned into a failure. Instead, those people decided to stay still, reluctant to say or do anything. By April 1960, more than 2,000 protesters had been arrested, which was criticised by everyone. The government then had no choice but to desegregate public places, and by 1961 more than 810 towns had been
In the 1950s and 1960s there were non-violent civil rights movements happening. Non-violent civil rights movement is the act of protesting equal rights without the use of violence. The civil rights movement was tested down south mostly because that is where most of the discrimination took place. The civil rights movement was led by Dr. Martin Luther King and he influenced other people to join in. King led millions of African Americans to protest as an act of civil disobedience and economic boycott. King approach of a non-violent movement was inspired by the Indian Leader Mahatma Gandhi.
In conclusion, the Civil Rights Movement led to removal of barriers to voting, the blacks freedom to hold political office. The movement also ended legal segregation, ended discrimination in housing, school segregation and gave the African Americans greater pride in their racial identity. It broke down many walls and helped African Americans to live peacefully and free, they were finally getting what they always wanted and it was nowhere near easy but they managed to succeed after everything that they had been through.
the civil rights movement dramatically changed the face of the nation and gave a sense of dignity and power to black Americans. Most of all, the millions of Americans who participated in the movement brought about changes that reinforced our nation’s basic constitutional rights for all Americans- black and white, men and women, young and old.
...or southern blacks to vote. In 1967 the Supreme Court rules interracial marriage legal. In 1968 Martin Luther King Jr. was shot dead at the age of thirty-nine. Also the civil rights act of 1968 is passed stopping discrimination in the sale, rental, and financing of housing. In 1988 President Reagan’s veto was overridden by congress passing the “Civil Rights Restoration Act” expanding the reach of non-discrimination laws within private institutions receiving federal funds. In 1991 President Bush. signs the, “Civil Rights Act of 1991”, strengthening existing civil rights laws. In 2008 President Obama is elected as the first African American president. The American Civil Rights Movement has made a massive effect on our history and how our country is today. Without it things would be very different. In the end however, were all human beings regardless of our differences.