Tracing all the way back to 1865, African Americans have struggled trying to establish equal rights and having the same privileges as white men. Several years went by before African Americans decided to take action and take a stand for their people. It wasn't until 1954 when the Civil Rights Movement took place and African Americans made an effort to move towards equality for all people, and to get rid of racism. The process was long, and required persistence and dedication, but the blacks were determined to achieve racial equality. The events that took place during the Civil Rights Movement were unjust and left a large impact on the African Americans.
The South had an extremely difficult time accepting African Americans as equals, and did anything they could to prevent the desegregation of all races. During the Reconstruction Era, there were plans to end segregation; however, past prejudices and personal beliefs elongated the process. All African Americans thought with the creation of civil rights, they would be free to do what all Americans could do. In the context of civil rights, emancipation means to be free from slavery. The process took much longer than they expected.
Many people were threatened, beaten and harassed by a group known as Ku Klux Klan trying to fight for what was right like voting privilege. Although, they struggled to get their voice heard it was worth the probable cause even if that meant putting their life in danger. The South did not come easy especially for minorities living in America like Edesha said, Whites had sworn since before reconstruction that we blacks would not only know our place but stay in it forever. This showed that after slavery was abolished some white people did not want to make a change in society under the law some whites still wanted to be separated from all blacks and those who did not fit their description. It seems like the whites were afraid that African Americans would someday take over and treat them the same way they were being treated, and that was mentally, verbally, and physically abuse just cause of their skin color and ethnicity.
The black codes suggested that the blacks were still the inferior race, and they also show the reluctance the south had to change their lifestyle after the Civil War. The black codes returned political, social, and economic power to the white southerners. Black codes also affect us today. If black codes were never enforced during reconstruction, black people would have been able to be a part of the government much sooner than they did. They would have been able to vote, marry interracially, work where they wanted, and get an education.
In 1865, the end of the Civil War was a major step in freeing the blacks from slavery by making it illegal. However, laws cannot change a person’s way of thinking overnight. It would take generations for prejudice and racist ideas to leave the minds of the whites. In the North, this concept was grasped more swiftly than in the South. It would be over a century before blacks would begin to gain freedom from segregation and persecution.
African Americans were expected to fight in a war for freedoms that were not even given to them in their own country. At times, they were even denied the ability to enlist in the Armed Forces. Although many African Americans found a new start in the many war towns, they were still discriminated against and still had to deal with segregation. Whites kept African Americans in the low un-skilled jobs. When Roosevelt signed the federal order for the Fair Employment Practices in the defense industries that called for equal opportunity and prohibited discrimination, the new changed caused a lot of problems.
Ostracism in and of itself is a condition no human wants to experience but compounded with disrespect and abuse, it describes the condition of the African Americans prior to the Thirteenth, Fourteenth , and Fifteenth Amendments. The Thirteenth Amendment supposedly outlawed slavery; however, whites still found ways around the law in order to keep blacks below them. The Fourteenth Amendment granted blacks citizenship, but they were still denied basic rights. The Fifteenth Amendment granted blacks the right to vote; however, most blacks were incapable of voting due to specific obstacles. Jim Crow Laws were an extreme obstacle in the integration of African Americans.
Dr. Martin Luther King Jr.’s, “I Have a Dream” speech states that Blacks were denied their equal rights of life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness (I Have a Dream). The Emancipation Proclamation, written by Abraham Lincoln, supposedly freed all slaves, but Blacks were still treated with disrespect. Blacks needed to have equal rights because they were mistreated, criticized, and they wanted their respect. Blacks were mistreated, they were subjected to biased laws and injustice. Blacks were the “victims of the unspeakable horrors of police brutality” according to Kings Speech (I Have a Dream).
The Jim Crow laws t... ... middle of paper ... ...he case and on the substantive justice of the case. The court should clearly use their equity powers when it comes to reparations cases. Blacks, who have been, for the longest time in America’s history, been denied of their basic rights clearly had always been unable to pursue relief for social injustices preformed against them. In order for reparations to be effective, courts must takes away these cases in a special way and seek to correct past social injustices and toss away some of the harsh procedures that have been repeal been used against them to deny them social justice. The inability of reparations for Successful reparations is the inability to organize an actual movement that seeks reparations from the United States government.
African Americans were treated as second class citizens; lesser beings that had no rights. “Blacks could not vote, sue whites, testify against them, raise their voice to them or even look them in the eye or stay on the sidewalk if they passed.” (BL p.98) The era of Jim Crow was a dangerous time where even a glance was enough for an African American to be murdered. But there was only so much abuse that would be withstood. The winds of change were beginning to stir and African Americans and their supporters were beginning to demand their equality. The years leading up to the Civil Rights Act of 1964 were turbulent times filled with great strife brought by the ever-growing dissent.