The events that took place during the Civil Rights Movement were unjust and left a large impact on the African Americans. The Civil Rights Movement was one of the most significant movements to take place in American history. African Americans were faced with equality issues and were “judged by the color of their skin, [not] by the content of their character,” (Source 3). They were deprived of jobs, education, voting rights, economic opportunities, and most importantly, their freedom and rights as a citizen of the United States of America. After being freed from slavery, the blacks thought they had achieved their freedom, but soon realized that was only the beginning.
Following Grant’s unenthusiastic approach to protecting blacks in the South, the executive branch gradually made its position on the issue clear in 1876. (Zinn, 199) When Hayes beat Tilden in the presidential election by promising to end the Reconstruction in the South, it was evident that the White House would no longer support any calls for the protection of blacks. The compromise of 1877 brought Hayes to office, but “doomed the black man to a second class citizenship that was to be his lot for nearly a century afterward,'; (Davis, 160). The Radical Republican’s in Congress, who were responsible for freeing the blacks, were also responsible for letting their voices become silenced. This occurred as the other, more industrial, interests of the broad based party dominated their platform; leaving the blacks to face the wrath of the Southerners.
The Freedmen’s Bureau was not as successful as it could have been and was of little us to most blacks. It only perpetuated the place of blacks in society as working for the white man. Although the constitutional changes to black’s rights were very revolutionary, there was very little revolution in American society with blacks remaining as lesser than any white man.
Nearly 100 years after the Emancipation Proclamation, African Americans in southern states lived and unequal world by taking the right from them, segregation and other types of abuse. Thanks to Jim Crow laws blacks were not allowed to go to classrooms, bathrooms, theaters, train cars, juries, legislatures and much more. In 1954, the U.S Supreme Court struck down the “separate but equal” by drawing signs that said “colored” and “white”. Then in the destructive decade and a half, civil rights activists used nonviolent protest and civil riot for change. So therefore, the civil rights movement was the catalyst for definite change for minorities and the poor.
Lawsuits had been tried to gain rights such as the unsuccessful Plessy v. Ferguson in 1896 and the successful Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka. Although, the Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka declared the “separate but equal” clause unconstitutional, de facto segregation continued in the South. During the 1960s, two methods were used: nonviolence and violence. Violence proved to be ineffective since it perpetuated social tensions among Whites and Blacks. Nonviolence was the most effective method in bringing social change in America during the 1960s Civil Rights Movement because it attracted sympathy towards Black people, provoked positive media attention, and promoted unity among African Americans.
The Kerner Commission report has some truth when it comes to blacks and politics, but overall the movement was a success because blacks have achieved more politically than before they began. Before the movement, blacks had almost no political power due to laws designed to prevent blacks from voting, like poll taxes, literacy tests and the Grandfather Clause. Also when some blacks went to vote, people simply wouldn't let them register. Due to lack of voting ability, no blacks were elected into office and therefore, blacks had no say in the government. Also, blacks were not allowed to serve on juries, yet they were almost always found guilty in court, even if the evidence was clearly against them.
Beginning with the 'black codes' established by President Johnson's reconstruction plan, blacks were required to have a curfew as well as carry identification. Labor contracts established under Johnson's Reconstruction even bound the 'freedmen' to their respective plantations. A few years later, another set of laws known as the 'Jim Crow' laws directly undermined the status of blacks by placing unfair restrictions on everything from voting rights all the way to the segregation of water fountains. Besides these restrictions, the blacks had to deal with the Democratic Party whose northern wing even denounced racial equality. As a result of democratic hostility and the Republican Party's support of Black suffrage, freedmen greatly supported the Republican Party.
Do you agree that Martin Luther King was the most important factor in the helping blacks gain more Civil Rights in the 1960's? In the 1950s and 60s blacks were considered as second-class citizens of the US, this was evident as they were totally ignored by the rest of America. Even though slavery was abolished years before but many Southern white Americans had not blacked out the thought. The Americans themselves had just come out of a very deadly war, which was fought to defeat racially prejudiced leaders such as Hitler who believed in a superior race; but still in America the cause they fought for was still lurking in their homeland. Blacks had also fought in the war and felt content that when they return home life would change for the better, but that wasn't quite the case when they returned.
This act prohibited discrimination in the housing market and began to repair the effects of the FHA and white suburbanization. Although Jim Crow laws and racial discrimination plagued the southern and northern civil rights, through various social movements and legislation was civil equality reached. African Americans fought tirelessly for rights that were just given to whites during the civil war era and faced extreme adversity. The civil rights movement was the first racial movement to spark change and influenced various social movements across the world.
Civil Rights activist used a non-violence approach to bring back peace and clear out all tension between blacks and whites. Many African Americans rose on the behalf of the blacks to bring back equality and freedom to the black community, and many of them lost their lives in the process. The civil rights movement was a mass media for racial equality in the United States, The civil rights was started in the 1950s and fought with non-violent protests. The movement also achieved the passage of landmark equal rights laws in the 1960s intended to end discrimination against people because of their race. It started in the 1950s and ended in the mid to the late 1960s when Dr. King was killed.