The African Americans gained their emancipation and new rights through the battling Northern and Southern factions of the United States, not because a majority of the country felt that slavery possessed a ‘moral urgency’. As the years passed and the whites began to reconcile, their economic goals rose to the forefront of their policy, while racism spread throughout the country and deepened in the South. Even with all of the good intentions and ideals expressed in the 13th, 14th and 15th amendments, blacks watched as their freedom disintegrated through the late 19th Century as a result of the Supreme Court decisions that limited the implications of the new amendments. After the passage of these amendments, two of the three branches of government disconnected themselves with the issue of black civil rights. Following Grant’s unenthusiastic approach to protecting blacks in the South, the executive branch gradually made its position on the issue clear in 1876.
By publishing this book, Stowe made those who knew nothing of the evils of slavery realize how cruel it really was, and by doing this she made the South angry. She made the North so angry at the South that the two began to fight over slavery. This is truly one of the reasons why the Civil war began.
For generations, the civil war has been told and portrayed as a war of national freedom for the african american slaves, but even after the war was won, many people lived a restricted and unfair life. Famous historian, Eric Foner describes the Civil War as a “new birth of freedom”. In my opinion, this was only a “turning the knob” to the door of freedom. This was the beginning of “getting there”. African American slaves did not receive their full freedom and equality after this war.
Her popular book furthered the sectional tensions and helped to start the Civil War. Since the book made slavery appear wicked it left many people surprised it was even popular in Britain and France. b. Hinton R. Helper ‘s book The Impending Crisis of the South appears in 1857 i. Yet another piece of literacy appeared in 1857, The Impending Crisis of the South, by Hinton R. Helper and it also causes tensions. Helper’s book attempted to prove his point which was that non slave holding whites were the people who were worst off in the slavery issues.
It would be ignorant to say racism does not exist till today. There is almost a complete 100 year difference between the reconstruction period and the Civil Rights Movement for equal rights to the Black society. While slavery took time to vanish in the south in those hundreds of years, segregation was pushed harshly, laws we 're enacted to prevent Blacks from having certain privileges that whites had. Segregation almost seemed to kick the Blacks out of the society we live together in. The Jim Crow laws had made efficient work in separating the Blacks from the Whites in society, and it took the Civil Rights movement in 1964 to finally bring more equality to the African-American society.
The four-year war between the states not only left the southern cities destroyed, economy in shambles and its people destitute, but it also introduced an overwhelming population of former slaves to be integrated into the folds of the victorious Union. Freedom for the blacks came slow and progress on their behalf was contaminated, inconsistent and feeble. Freedmen and women, accustomed to strife and adversity, desired only equality as citizens of the United States, however that status was going to come at a hefty price. Lincoln proclaimed the slaves freedom in the midst of the Civil War, but that freedom was neither instant nor accepted at war’s end. With great uncertainty and only the title of freedmen the black community immediately sought out their greatest needs no matter what brutality they faced from those that refused to accept their freedom.
PART 1 Race is a major factor in the world because people use racial differences as the basis for discrimination. Racism is the practice of denying people’s access to rights or resources based on racial differences. Those using facilities not designated for their skin color were criminally liable under the law. Plessy was arrested after refusing to sit in the black railway carriage car that violated an 1890 Louisiana law that provided for segregated “separate but equal” railroad accommodations. The 19th Century was when there was an increase of institutionalized racism and legal discrimination against people of colored skin in the United States.
Once the last bullet was fired and the remaining slaves were freed, there arose a problem that was so big that the way the United States responded to it could alter race relations in the country for many years. The once thriving Southern economy under slavery had been completely ripped apart by the scars of war and it was up to the current president and congress to help restore it to its former state of economic prosperity. This period of American history is known as reconstruction and soon after the murder of Abraham Lincoln, Andrew Johnson the vice president was thrust into the spotlight and he architected what is known as Presidential reconstruction. Raised in a relatively poor southern white household, Andrew Johnson developed a prejudice against newly freed African American’s because he saw them as a threat to poor Southern Whites, this was later revealed through his stubbornness in office, his economic policies and the laws he tried to pass in office. Andrew Johnson grew up in a home that was less than ideal for raising a child, born in Raleigh, North Carolina to a Jacob Johnson and Mary McDonough.
Since African American were kept out of society for more than 200 years, it was hard for whites to accepted blacks as equal people. Southern states passed the Black Codes, which restricted African Americans freedom. The point of the codes was to reduce influence of free blacks which were granted some rights during the Presidential Reconstruction, to prevent them from voting, bearing arms, be together to worship and learning to read and write. They also imposed restrictions on black citizenship to be able to still control labor of blacks. Another factor which made it harder for freed slaves to enter the society was the Ku Klux Klan organization, which can be described as “Original American Terrorist Organizations”.
So the 12 years of a false dawn from 1865 to 1877, which was the reconstruction after the Civil War, was then extended up to 1965 where blacks finally got their freedom guaranteed on paper by President Johnson. He passed the Voting Rights Act ‘which enforced civil rights and guaranteed voting rights for African Americans’. Today people in parts of the USA are still being racially attacked and killed by groups such as the Ku Klux Klan and this is after all that has happened since slavery first took place. The racial abuse would be very bad today if we didn’t have non-violent protestors like Martin L. King and Malcolm X who changed the ways of the Black American community.