Africa Environmental Health Essay

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Africa’s Environmental Health
Is the continent meeting its sustainable targets?

This year will see a conference on African health and environment held in Kenya during June, to address sustainable, safe and secure environmental health for the continent. However, the World Health Organisation(WHO), already hosted a similar meeting in Angola four years ago, where the continent’s health and environmental priorities were adopted in the Luanda Commitment.

The priorities listed in the Luanda Commitment include provision of safe drinking water; provision of sanitation and hygiene services; management of environmental and health risks related to climate change; sustainable management of forests and wetlands and management of water, soil and air pollution as well as biodiversity conservation.
Other priorities are vector control and management of chemicals, particularly pesticides and wastes; food safety and security, including the management of genetically-modified organisms in food production; children's health and women's environmental health; health in the workplace and the management of natural and human-induced disasters.
With the Luanda Commitment, countries pledged to complete the Situation Analyses and Needs Assessment (SANA) in all African countries and the preparation of National Plans of Joint Action by the end of 2012. So far, SANA has been completed in 17 African countries.
Countries agreed to mobilise available resources in government budgets and to advocate for and monitor an allocation of 15% of government finances to the health sector as stated in the 2001 Abuja Declaration by African Heads of State and a substantial increase of allocations of government budgets to the environment sector.
The Health and Environment Stra...

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...ive is to make Mauritius a model of sustainable development.
The UNDP Country Programme is anchored in the ten-year national economic reform Programme, focusing on capacity development in strategic initiatives and aiming to create more growth opportunities to restore the economy on a higher plane of development. The current results-oriented country programme in environment is focused on strengthening institutional capacities and features identified as growing threats to current and future environmental parameters such as climate change mitigating and adaptive strategies, removal of persistent organic pollutants, expansion of marine and terrestrial protected areas and removing barriers to energy conservation.
The UNDP evaluation team has rated the the country’s environment programme as satisfactory overall with potential for a higher level of achievement in future.
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