10,925 issued by President John F. Kennedy in 1961. The order indicated that federal contractors should take affirmative action to ensure job applicants and employees are treated "without regard to their race, creed, or national origin." A person could define this statement as an order to imply equal access and nothing else. Q: What is the History of Affirmative Action? Affirmative action was implemented with the idea and hope that America would finally become truly equal.
Affirmative Action President John F. Kennedy used the phrase "affirmative action" in March of 1961, when he put into effect Executive Order 10925. The order required every federal contract to include the pledge that "The Contractor will not discriminate against any employee or applicant for employment because of race, creed, color, or national origin. The Contractor will take affirmative action, to ensure that applicants are employed, and that employees are treated during employment, without regard to their race, creed, color, or national origin." However, in 1965 President Lyndon B. Johnson felt that in order to achieve fairness more was need than just a commitment to impartial treatment. Months later, President Johnson issued Executive Order 11246, which stated that "It is the policy of the Government of the United States to provide equal opportunity in federal employment for all qualified persons, to prohibit discrimination in employment because or race, creed, color or national origin, and to promote the full realization of equal employment opportunity through a positive, continuing program in each department and agency."
Affirmative Action as Racial Discrimination The controversy over affirmative action is growing to embody most all selective decisions in American society. From public protection to college admissions, people are becoming resentful of such affirmative action programs. The applicability of these programs in today's American society has been challenged by people ranging from the everyday "Joe", who is finding reverse discrimination in the workplace, to college applicants, who are finding that it takes more than good grades to get admitted, to the Supreme Court, who is finding that some college admissions policies are unconstitutional and promote diversity through unfair means. In California, for example, Gov. Pete Wilson has already pushed an initiative ending affirmative action practices in colleges and universities.
The residents of Washington decided to put an end to race based categories and treat everyone equally with no discrimination or favoritism. Connerly says, affirmative action is a threat to the culture of equality that defines the characteristics of the United States. In the article, “Pro and Con” by William G.Bowen and Derek Bok the facts were based from a study research. They examined the college encounters of some 60,000 students in which 3,500 were African American, who had enrolled in 28 select... ... middle of paper ... ...eep affirmative action laws then minorities groups will not thrive in the society we live in. On the other hand, William G. Bowen believes that if the affirmative action laws are repealed, then many minority groups will not receive as much opportunities in society as Caucasian people will.
Affirmative action came as a result of the Civil Rights Movement of the 1960s and was brought into existence in order to help distribute equal opportunities for those who were minorities and females in the workplace and in Academia ("Affirmative Action: Overview."). President John F. Kennedy was the very first person to use the term, “affirmative action”, in 1961 ("Affirmative Action: Overview."). This came in an executive order that required government contractors to take measures to make sure that applicants are employed without prejudice and that those employees are not treated unfairly because of their race, religion, color, or worldly origin ("Affirmative Action: Overview."). President Kennedy also created the President’s Committee on Equal Employment Opportunity which is now known as the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission or EEOC ("Affirmative Action: Overview."). The affirmative action policies originally focused on increasing opportunities for African Americans in higher education and the work force ("Affirmative Action: Overview.").
Affirmative action was expanded into the arena of government contracts. Kennedy made a declaration that said that upon accepting a government contract the contractor must pledge not to discriminate against any applicants or employees on the basis of race, creed, color, or national origin(Elliot and Ewoh, p212). Although the contractors made this pledge there was not much enforcement of it. In 1964 congress took steps battle discrimination in the workplace. Title VII of the 1964 Civil Rights Act said that no person could be discriminated against on the basis of race, color, or national origin when it came to publicly funded programs.
Poor Implementation of Affirmative Action In the beginning, it seemed simple enough. In 1961, John F. Kennedy, then president of the United States of America, established the Committee on Equal Employment Opportunity by executive order. The goal was to curb discrimination by the government and its contractors, who were now required to ?not discriminate against any employee or applicant for employment because of race, creed, color, or national origin. The Contractor will take affirmative action, to ensure that applicants are employed, and that employees are treated during employment, without regard to their race, creed, color, or national origin.? Title VI of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 expanded this idea of affirmative action by declaring that ?No person in the United States shall, on the ground of race, color or national origin, be excluded from participation in, be denied the benefits of, or be subjected to discrimination under any program or activity receiving federal financial assistance.?
Court arranged affirmative action’s plans have prerequisites that thwart them from being excessively troublesome on third parties and from permitting unqualified persons to be promoted or hired. “A number of employers adopt voluntary affirmative action programs consecutively to cure long-ago adverse impact in opposition to meticulous protected classes. In the United States Affirmative action began in the 1960s as a tool to deal with the persevering inequalities for African Americans. This precise term was first employed in 1961 to portray US government policy. Administered to all government contracting agency, President John F. Kennedy's Executive Order 10925 commanded "affirmative action to make certain that applicants are employed, and that employees are treated for the period of employment, devoid of regard to their race, color, creed, or national origin.
Employers are required by laws to ensure that employees are treated fairly in the workplace and not discriminated in the workplace. “One hundred years after the Civil War, President John F. Kennedy called on Americans to fulfill the nation's promise of equal rights and equal opportunities.” This was the first major legislation dealing with civil rights. Prior to this, he Unemployment Relief Act of 1933 stated,” t]hat in employing citizens for the purpose of this Act no discrimination shall be made on account of race, color, or creed. This was the Civil Rights Act of 1964 pertaining to employment practices. (EEOC) The U.S.
In 1978 the Supreme Court placed boundaries on affirmative action to ensure while providing opportunity for minorities it was not at the expense of the majority in the landmark case of Regents of the University of California vs. Bakke. In 1980 the Supreme Court again ruled that 15 percent of government contracts be held for minority contracts and that this was perfectly constitutional. The black minorities held the white man responsible for 200 years of repression. Women blamed the males population for holding them to low paying jobs and lack of equal opportunity. Although minorities did not want preferential treatment they received it.