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Affirmative Action

analytical Essay
2356 words
2356 words
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America is the land of opportunity, but to be fully qualified for the status, it needs to be “color-blind, race-blind, and gender-blind.” Affirmative Action began as a way to stop discrimination, but as new laws have been added to it, it has become reverse discrimination. Everyone has the opportunity to be a great addition to society. It is an immense injustice for people to say that someone of a different race or gender is not capable of achieving the same status in life as a white male. Through this paper, the concepts of affirmative action will be analyzed and discussed.
Affirmative Action began in 1965 when President Johnson signed the Executive Order 11246 in to law. The Executive Order 11246 “prevents Federal contractors from discriminating against any employee or applicant for employment because of race, color, religion, sex, or national origin.” This is when the phrase ‘affirmative action’ was first used, because it “requires federal contractors to take affirmative action to ensure that applicants are not discriminated against based on race color, religion, sex, or national origin.” When Affirmative Action was created, it only included minorities. In 1967, Johnson decided to expand the program to include women, because women have received some of the same discrimination as men in the workplace.
There were also earlier laws that were passed to ensure equal rights. The 1964 Civil Rights Act and the 1965 Voting Rights Act are two examples of these laws, but they were a little behind considering the Fourteenth and Fifteenth amendments to the Constitution were passed much earlier. The Fourteenth amendment guarantees equal protection under the law and the Fifteenth amendment forbid racial discrimination in access to voting. Also, there was the 1866 Civil Rights Act, which was passed one hundred years earlier to ensure equal rights to all men.3
Secretary George Schultz and Arthur Fletcher, a top deputy, were the architects of some federal hiring and contracting regulations that added to the Affirmative Action regulations. In 1969, Schultz and Fletcher created these regulations under the Nixon administration to “redress the unfair treatment of minorities and women in the workplace.”4 Even though America is the land of freedom, minorities and women did not fully receive these freedoms until the mid 1960’s.
The Office of Federal Contract Compliance Programs...

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...been a short-term solution to discrimination, but it has out lived its benefits. It is now encouraging reverse discrimination by setting quotas on the number of minorities required for a firm, contract, or school. America is now ready to become a color-blind society, and judge people on them, not their race or gender.
Works Cited

The Census Bureau. www.census.gov. December 2, 2000
Executive Order 11246 - Equal Employment Opportunity (1965. 30 Fed. Reg. 12319)
Harris, John F. and Kevin Merida. “On Affirmative Action, New Perspectives Strain Old
Alliances.” Washington Post. April 5, 1995, page A01-2.
Morin, Richard and Sharon Warden. “Americans Vent Anger at Affirmative Action.”
Washington Post. March 24, 1995, A01.

The Origins of Affirmative Action. www.now.org. December 2, 2000.
Regents of the University of California v. Bakke. 438 U.S. 265 (1978)

Vote 96. www.vote96.ss.ca.gov/vote96/html/209/. November 13, 2000. www.idfla.com/209/. December 1, 2000. www.idfla.com/tdemog/html December 1, 2000.

In this essay, the author

  • Explains how the office of federal contract compliance programs requires compliance to affirmative action. the ofccp investigates complaints and lawsuits against companies that have been accused of discrimination.
  • Explains that allan bakke, a white male, applied to the university of california at davis medical school and was denied admission, but his test scores and gpa were higher than students admitted through the affirmative action admittance program.
  • Explains that the 8(a) program is designed to give minority and women owned businesses government contracts without competitive bidding.
  • Explains that affirmative action began as a way to stop discrimination, but as new laws have been added to it, it has become reverse-discrimination.
  • Argues that affirmative action is not constitutional because the fourteenth amendment guarantees equal protection of the law to all people.
  • Argues that affirmative action has outlived its benefits and is now encouraging reverse discrimination by setting quotas on the number of minorities required for a firm or school.
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