Like myself, many other African Americans believe this policy is one the most effective strategies for helping underrepresented minority groups gain access to education and employment. However, critics of affirmative action believe this kind of reform does an injustice to the idea of merit. Though no one can deny minorities and women have made significant steps towards autonomy and equality in America, there are still wide educational and economic disparities between minority groups and white males. While the issues and controversies surrounding race can not be resolved easily, the question remains: Do we still need affirmative action in America? I say yes, affirmative action was and is needed to help prevent unfairness caused by discrimination in America.
Supporters and opponents of affirmative action hold strong to their believes and constantly attack the opposing viewpoints. Advocates believe that affirmative action overcomes discrimination, gives qualified minorities a chance to compete on equal footing whites, and provides them with the same opportunities. Opponents claim that affirmative action puts unskilled minorities Cannon 2 in positions that they are not qualified for, tarnishes the reputation of minorities that accomplishes success on their own, and violates the Fourteenth Amendment. Since the beginning of affirmative action, the definition has been ever changing in order to satisfy the present beliefs of society. Prohibiting the discrimination in hiring, expanding the filing of application to include more minorities, compensating for past grievances, setting “quotas” (percentages of a certain type of people that had to be included), have all been part of the definition.
Comparable imbalances exist for other racial and ethnic minorities as well as for women. Yet, to truly understand the importance of affirmative action, one must look at America's past discrimination to see why, at this point in history, we must become more "color conscious". History Of Discrimination In America: Events Leading To Affirmative Action. The Declaration of Independence asserts that "all men are created equal." Yet America is scarred by a long history of legally imposed inequality.
Most importantly, the fundamentals of democracy rest on the equality of all people, whereas affirmative action is actually trying to give minorities and women higher status of importance than Caucasians. If the policies of affirmative action end, then the nation can return to its original equal opportunity policies. The original founders of the Civil Rights Act intended for all people, including majorities and minorities, to receive equal opportunities for education and job positions. Presently, in today?s economic system, companies and businesses offering job positions have to meet quotas and statistics proving that they are not discriminating against one race or gender for another. For example, a software comp... ... middle of paper ... ...across as meaning that all Caucasians are rich and do not need financial aid, minorities are all poor, and every minority person needs financial aid.
On the other hand, adopting affirmative action would force many employers to replace hard-working employees with those of less qualification simply due to their gender or ethnic background. Many people feel that affirmative action would be very beneficial to our society. They have many thought-inspiring arguments. Some claim that we owe blacks for what we took from them in the past. We gave them a setback in our economic system, and affirmative action would be our way of reimbursing them for time and opportunities they lost out on (Norman 50).
Is affirmative action fair? Are minority groups on equal footing? Is gaining employment for minorities difficult? Is education easily obtained for the minority groups of people? Affirmative action endeavors to answer all these questions, while allowing society to believe harmony exists.
However, there would be no struggle to roll back the gains achieved if affirmative action policies were ineffective. Affirmative action is not about opening opportunities for unqualified individuals, but instead is designed to increase the number of qualified applicants for employment, no matter what gender or race they may happen to be. “ Affirmative action is not about quotas. It’s an attempt to open more opportunities for women and people of color through aggressive recruitment and outreach greater access to academic institutions and the work place and not exclude people on the basis of race or gender (Holhut3). Affirmative action in the employment status consist of publicizing job notices in places where everyone can see: recruitment: eliminating discriminatory hiring and setting goals towards increasing opportunities for those that were previously discriminated against.
Equal outcomes is rooted in discrimination because it looks at a persons race, creed, or disability in order to place them where they can finish the race at the same time. Each of these policies have beneficial effects on our society. Equal Opportunity employment has made it possible... ... middle of paper ... ...outlines the fact that America thinks that it is unjust to discriminate. The onslaught of quotas was merely a sign that society was progressing rapidly. Sadly, it is the continuation of quotas and equality policies that is hindering the ability of the minority to be accepted in the workplace.
Affirmative Discrimination Since inequality issues have surfaced in nearly every element of our lives, affirmative action has become an integral part of a solution to these fundamental problems. As an answer to this resolution, this piece will address various issues raised because of these practices, including reverse discrimination, segregation proposals, as well as cause and effect concerns for clarity. While it would appear that white males receive more affirmative action over others, nothing could be farther from the truth. Reverse discrimination, which can described as “policies or habits of social discrimination against members of a historically dominant group with an implication of unfairness” (USLegal Inc., 2010, ¶ 1), ensures that such results do not occur. Examples of favoritism are easily found in businesses nationwide by way of extra job application points for race, predetermined quotas for racial composition of workforce and an overabundant concern that politically correct measures are taken to avoid prejudiced appearances against minorities.
That is why, affirmative action is still needed because no matter how many laws can be enacted America still has racism, and it gives minorities the boost they need. People do have a potential to work hard and many of them are intelligent however they just need a little help to quit the past and abuse that may hold them down. Ultimately, affirmative action is still needed because it supports racial equality, gives minority students a chance for a better life, and helps women to be equally treated. Argument 1 First of all, affirmative action is still needed be... ... middle of paper ... ...ction-and-what-it-means-women>. Cohen, Tom.