For one thing, they help to maintain biological diversity. Fragmenting landscapes into distinct patches and restricting wildlife increase the risks of movement, and can also have severe consequences for the conservation of biological diversity. Conservation of biological diversity is extremely important because it can reduce the thread of a species becoming endangered or extinct. Corridors help to sustain the biological diversity by preserving migration corridors and connecting fragmented centers of plants and organisms. Harris and Gallagher conclude that “Habitat connectivity declines with human modification of the landscape and the use of corridors is an attempt to maintain or to restore some of the natural landscape connectivity.” As a result, a network of corridors can improve fragmentation of the landscape and habitats.
These impacts affect the lives and health of people at the regional level, it also impacts their productive drives, agriculture, cattle-raising, and fishing. Deforestation also impacts seriously at the global level. Forests have an important function in climate and their disa... ... middle of paper ... ...to our needs. In order to lessen future loss of the rainforests, we must increase and sustain the productivity of farms, pastures, plantations, and scrub land in addition to restoring species and ecosystems to degraded habitats. If we reduce wasteful land use practices, consolidate gains on existing cleared lands, and improve already developed lands, we can diminish the need to clear additional forests.
In actuality, biodiversity loss and poverty are linked, but conservation strategies that will reap success in integrating the two need clear conceptual frameworks (Adams et al. 1146). In order to find a balance and to foster stability for lasting and sustainable development and environmental health, it is important to take humans out of the equation when assessing the status of the environment, and to implement formal scientific strategies to conservation policies (Erwin
Biodiversity loss and Extinction Biodiversity loss can lead to extinction, and hurt human life. It is our responsibility to take care of the environment. We bring in machines that harm the environment and destroy animal life. We need to limit ourselves on how much land and resources we consume. There are major issues that are causing species to become extinct and hurt our way of life and other animals do to the change in food chain.
The matter of connectivity in general and corridors in particular is thus part of the fragmentation issue. The bottom line is that complex landscapes beget complex interactions and it will require some clever manipulative experiments to untangle the often confounding effects of boundary quantity, boundary quality, matrix habitat, patch area and patch isolation on different species. This separation is crucial for conservation purposes, seeing as fragmentation and habitat loss are among the most important causes of species decline worldwide (Haila et al., 1994; Murcia, 1995; Didham et al., 1996; Didham, 1997).
Some of the main causes for loss in biodiversity are alteration of habitats, increasing levels of pollution and human population growth. There are measures that are being taken worldwide to prevent loss of biodiversity. Many wildlife sanctuaries have been built worldwide to preserve the lives of various endangered species. However, it is important to remember that every individual has a role in the protection of wildlife and biodiversity. Every human being should play his part of the role by following simple rules such as stopping others from the hunting of endangered species, preventing deforestation, encouraging reforestation and creating awareness among fellow human beings.
The destruction of an ecosystem can have serious effects on the organisms in it such as loss of different species or even their extinction. Therefore, conserving biodiversity is very significant. There are various methods on which biodiversity can be conserved. According to Buchanan (2002), keystone species should be prioritized for conservation. A keystone species is an organism which performs a critical role that greatly affects its community (Power et al., 1996).
These habitat and species modifications could create an irreversible shift in the ecosystem, creating an altered, stable state. While invasive species cause damage in many ways, one of an invasive specie’s most devastating effects is habitat modification. Once a habitat is physically altered, even if the invader is removed, it becomes difficult or impossible to reverse the effects. In Life Out of Bounds, author Chris Bright describes the cycle of degradation (1998). As local creatures disappear, the loss weakens the strength of their ecosystem.
Without ecology, we would not know the affects many of these factors play for species or the balance of ecosystems as they function. For the purpose of this paper, we will focus on the animal kingdom and the interactions many species have within the ecosystems they live in. There are many factors which go into any ecosystem. When talking about extinction and endangered species of the animal kingdom, we need to look at all factors. When humans dump waste products into rivers and streams it endangers the species living in that environment.
3.0 Effects Every species plays a role in the natural balance. Once an animal or plant is destroyed, it will probably lead to the imbalance of the ecosystem, which will cause serious damage to the environment and ecosystem. The protection of endangered animal is not only generally keep the animal species, more important is how to protect the endangered animal survival and reproduction, it is related to the long-term preservation of the renewable resources of wild animal wealth, sustainable utilization of normal ecosystem maintenance and all kinds of material was passed, for the benefit of human beings and our descendants. 4.0