The reason why there were so many deaths within the French Revolution time was because France was dealing with external threats and internal threats. The external threats were the neighboring countries that were in the alliance with Austria and Prussia to stop the spread of the French Revolution. The internal threats were the counterrevolutionaries who were against the revolution and wanted the old government back. The Reign of Terror was established, and ran by Maximilien de Robespierre, to deal with the situation of the French Revolution and all of its threats. Now the question is: “Was this 18 month period reasonable to protect France’s people?” The Reign of Terror was not justified for three reasons: the external threats did not deserve the treatment they received, the internal threats were dealt with non-humane measures, and the methods used were outrageous.
As more peoples blood is split to gain the rights not extended to them, the Terror grows becoming more and more gruesome. The French revolution began in late 1789 to obtain the rights that every citizen in born with. The motto of the French was liberty, equality, or death and the price to be paid for the civil liberties was blood. The revolutionary leader Robespierre and journalist Marat explained the more blood the better so that was what raged the people and started the Reign of Terror. Were the values expressed by the French Revolution necessary though?
They were sick of the government. They used violence to send their message across and bring attention to their cause.The people had come this far and were not prepared to watch their efforts lead to failure and an absolute monarch restoration. Also, before the revolution, if you were born a peasant, you died a peasant and if you were born an aristocrat, you died an aristocrat regardless of personal ability. After the radical stage, there was the ability to move around in rank. The dissatisfaction of the nobles and the clergy was another reason why the radical stage occurred.
While Thomas Hobbes believed that all people were wicked only fighting for their own interests, John Locke believed that person were naturally good and once they were born, they were empty slates which makes them learn from their experiences instead of just being outright evil. John Locke believed in democracy because if a government is like an absolute monarch, it won’t satisfy all the needs of the people and this is why the people have a right to revolt against an abusive government as proven in the American Revolutionary War with King George III or the French Revolutionary War with King Louis XVI who didn 't support their citizen’s ideas and goals. Thomas Hobbes believed that people couldn 't be trusted because they would only fight for their own interests, so an absolute monarch would demand obedience to maintain order, but John Locke States that people can be trusted since all people are naturally good but depending on our experiences as they can still govern themselves. The Purpose of the government, according to John Locke is to protect the individual liberties and rights instead of just keeping law and order because with law and order being put strictly, the people would rebel because it didn’t represent them and then the country will collapse because the king was too
The capital punishment is dissenting among people throughout the world. People have argued that instead of punishing people, the capital punishment is mainly used to eliminate, cleanse opponents, threats to a specific group or organization in charge of the government in order to retain its rights over the government. One clear example of this is the era right after the French Revolution when people were executed every day because they committed “treason to the Republic of France”. First this argument is not logically correct in term of reasoning. These people used an event that was long in the past to come to a conclusion at the reason is illogical.
Several conflicting arguments can be made, but there is a definite decision to make in this situatio... ... middle of paper ... ...inite decision to make in this situation. King Louis XVI tried to rule his country with an absolute monarchy, and the plan backfired substantially. The result was the citizens rebelling rightfully so, but the situation went to an extreme extent. The determination of the people must have been extensive because the government had to send armies in attempts to conquer them. The only answer to this question is no, The Reign of Terror was not justified because it was ridiculous.
During the peaceful times of France, the government should use reason to govern, but during the revolution, reason and terror should be used. Only using terror is murderous, and only using virtue is powerless, but together a successful government is formed. Though, he did not state who exactly the “people” and the “enemies” were, considering the position as the leader of the Committee of Public Safety, Robespierre protected the revolution from the enemies. This reveals that the enemies were the people that disagreed with the revolution and they should be punished with terror. Robespierre’s creation of terror was executing as many “enemies” as he can.
The peasants, consequently, despised the rich and carried out an assault ... ... middle of paper ... ...estore their rights within it” (Doc ___). Before the revolution, the British government had already adopted a constitutional monarchy and treated its people fairly with the Magna Carta and representation in Parliament. Seeing these injustices enraged the colonies who all wished to receive rights and independence from the monarch. The goal of creating a democratic nation served as motivation for the Revolutionists and the British government became a rough model. In sum, the French and American Revolutions had many similarities despite the differences in ruling monarchs and circumstances.
The majority of the reason why people were executed was for anti-revolution opin... ... middle of paper ... ...ic Safety, stated that the revolutionary government will protect the good citizens while punishing the enemies of the government. He justifies the terror by saying it is only punishing the enemies of the state while protecting the god citizens from another revolution. Being the leader of the committee he has been trusted with making decisions on behalf of the government (Doc4).General Ronsin, a leader of the revolutionary army, stated how for the anti-revolutionary ideas to truly be gone the ideas need to be exterminated at the source. He though that the new France needed an example to truly understand how the new government treated those who were against them. Being a leader of the army he was a true revolutionary and he saw the terror as a great thing for France; this was because he was unaffected by the terror because he was so high up on the chain of command.
In Johannes Julius’ letter we get a firsthand account of the brutal torture in the witch hunts. The witch hunts were conducted by people who were afraid of the idea that people could intentionally acquire abilities. They believed that the only way to suppress their fear was to round up as many witches as possible and execute them. In Robespierre’s Report of the Principles of Public Morality he justifies the terror and execution of thousands as necessary for the protection of the Republic in France. Finally, in George W. Bush’s speech to Congress he condemns al-Qaeda for their attacks on the United States in order to “disrupt and end a way of life” and condemns terrorist everywhere.