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Advantages Of Mars Colonization

Is Mars Colonization a Good Idea?

Among celestial bodies in our solar system, Mars is remarkable in that it possesses all the raw resources required to sustain not only life, but a new branch of individual evolution.
The time to colonize Mars would certainly be required when the Earth becomes uninhabitable as the global warming rises up. When that happens, Mars has the potential to become the most habitable planet in our solar system. Nevertheless, even with positive extrapolation of robotic manufacturing techniques, Mars will not have the labor required to make it fully self-sufficient; until and unless its population is in millions. Thus it will be necessary for colonization of Mars to import goods from Earth.
Benefits
There are many prospects
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Beginning of New Era
May be the initial trip to Mars can be sponsored by any nation or some space agency. However, in the end Mars will be for everyone. There would be no boundaries on Mars like the one which has been set up currently in our Earth. Thus, Mars could be the establishment of a new period in human diplomacy.
5. Economic Stability
The research on Mars has shown the availability of rare metals such as gold, platinum, silver, and others on Mars. Thus, shipment from Mars to Earth would be much easier than from Earth to Mars. The proximity of the asteroid belt to Mars is much more promising. For example, Dactyl, the moon orbiting the asteroid Ida contains more iron that the human on earth has used from entire existence. These asteroids can be mined near Mars and shipped for low cost to planet. Thus Mars promises economic potential if colonized.
From the above mentioned points, aset up of settlement on Mars is not far-off. However, still the question remains in everyone’s mind that if colony on Mars would be self-sufficient? Still there are many challenges which need to be addressed.
Challenges
The average surface temperature of Mars may be the condition required for hospitability however, the temperature in midday can be fairly close to 20 °C but at nighttime temperature can be as low as -70
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References
1. Human Mars Exploration: The Time Is Now, Robert Zubrin, Journal of Cosmology, Vol 12. 3549-3557.
2. The Problem of Human Missions to Mars, Michael Robinson, Ph.D., Journal of Cosmology, Vol 12. 3558-3565.
3. Acceptable Risk: The Human Mission to Mars, Jack Stuster, PhD, CPE, Journal of Cosmology, Vol 12. 3566-3577.
4. Humans on Mars: Why Mars? Why Humans? Planning for the Scientific Exploration of Mars by Humans. Part 1. Joel S. Levine, Ph.D., James B. Garvin, Ph.D., David W. Beaty, Ph.D., Journal of Cosmology, Vol 12. 3627-3635.
5. Martian Geology Investigations. Planning for the Scientific Exploration of Mars by Humans. Part 2.Joel S. Levine, Ph.D., James B. Garvin, Ph.D., James W. Head, Ph.D., Journal of Cosmology, Vol 12. 3636-3646.
6. A Practical Approach for the Detection of Life in Lithic Environments on Mars, Thomas D. Nickles, Ph.D., and Ronald L. Crawford, Ph.D., Journal of Cosmology, Vol 12.

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