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Advantages Of Federalism A Unique Features Of American Constitutionalism

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Federalism: A Unique Feature of American Constitutionalism
Three forms of government systems are implemented by countries to govern its people. Most of them are unitary governments, where most of the power resides in the central government. The second form is a confederation, where the government is weak and power is held in the hands of the individuals; the United States began as a confederation, but confederations are rare today. The third system that the United States implements is the federalist government, which is an organization of a nation where two or more levels of government have authority over the same land and people (Edwards III, Wattenburg, and Lineberry 68). Realizing that the government created by the Articles of Confederation
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The federal system is beneficial in that it decentralizes politics, with more layers of government there will be more opportunities that exist for political participation. With more people holding power, the people will have more of an ability to have their voices heard in the government. Also, a party that loses at a national level can still rebuild in its areas of strength. The federal system is also beneficial in that the diversity of public opinion can be shown through public policies. State governments have the ability to experiment with policies, and other states as well as the national government can learn from their outcome. Disadvantages to federalism include education being heavily dependent on the states. The quality of education a child may be receiving is entirely dependent on that state the child resides in. Additionally, the myriad of government institutions and processes we have created have complicated and delayed certain actions. It is just the large number of governments that consist within the United States that is overwhelming; there are over eighty-seven thousand types of government (Edwards III, Wattenburg, and Lineberry…show more content…
However, changes must occur in any system for a balance to remain between the states and nation. According to Abbe Gluck, national federalism is federalism without doctrine. Today, federalism primarily comes from Congress; Congress does this by giving states federal roles to ensure the relevancy of states in our nation (1996). It is shown today that the implied powers, the enumerated powers in Section 8 of Article 1, and in the supremacy clause that the states may seem to have power but are carefully watched and restricted by the higher national government. State governments ultimately rely on the financial aid given by the national government, which is hopefully given for the obligation of the states to keep a fair balance and enforce the national laws that may be put forth in order to prolong the federalist
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