Advantages Of Federalism

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Federalism definitely improves our American Democracy. It allows Local and State governments to be more important for its citizens and be more responsive to them. Federalism, at least in the United States, is the concept of both national and state governments having shared powers and authority of over matters - such as policies - that the other may not have. The state government has some autonomy, or authority, to pass those policies without needing the national government and vice versa. One simple example on how Federalism works is the national drinking age policy. The national government wanted to establish a minimum age for one to buy or consume alcohol. Since Congress could not simply pass a law making it so, they withheld federal highway…show more content…
One advantage of a strong state government is how states are more responsive to interests that are closer to them. It is easier to be heard by your local government than your national government. If you want your taxes to go towards one thing over another, you can vote in your local elections where the results will directly affect you. Another advantage of states having a strong role is having access to more problem-solving paths. If citizens have an issue that the government needs to solve, just like local governments can represent interest closest to them, they can address the problems as well. The higher government can be called upon if the specific problem needs more…show more content…
One disadvantage of a strong role for states is the unequal protection of civil rights. The national government can implement a law protecting the rights of minorities, but since the state government is strong, the state itself might not actually follow it. The national government are not the ones closest to the people that law is directed for, the state and local governments are. Another disadvantage resulting from strong states is a problem called “Race to the Bottom.” “Race to the Bottom” is when states are in a competition to attract more people to live in that specific state. One state can offer generous benefits to its citizens, while the state next door tries to one-up them. In order for people to live in your state, you actually have to give out the costly benefits you promised. What seemed like a good idea at the time may now have your state bankrupt, among other problems, and led you straight to the
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