On the subject of a Cochlear Implant (CI) is a big controversy between the two communities. In the Hearing world, most people if given a deaf child might go straight to giving it Cochlear so it will then be, in the minds of the Hearing, a part of the hearing community ,but In the Deaf community, some, if not most, refuse the use of a Cochlear Implant because they feel that it is just another device aimed to fix what is not broken, and because of that, to them, it is stripping Deaf people from their culture and the safety and effectiveness is not high enough to take the risk of the surgery. To the Deaf, they live highly functional lifestyle without the device. So, why is there such a fast decision on getting an implant? 2.
Eradicating the Deaf-World Just like members of other minorities, such as Hispanics and African-Americans, Deaf people experience some of the same oppression and hardships. Although the attempts to "fix" members of and obliterate the DEAF-WORLD are not as highly publicized as problems with other minorities, they still exist. Throughout time, hearing people have been trying to destroy the DEAF-WORLD with the eugenics movement, the mainstreaming of Deaf children into public hearing schools, and cochlear implants. Overall, the eugenics movement was meant to discourage Deaf people from socializing, intermarrying, and reproducing with each other. But these goals are very much unachievable.
Most jobs won’t hire a deaf person because they don’t think they are able to do the job even if they are more than capable, typically companies don’t want to accommodate or are unaware on how to accommodate the deaf or hard of hearing. The National Association of the deaf can help inform you on what to do and legally what is your next step. On their website, it’ll say that deaf people must have, “visual alerts for audible alarms and messages, captioned audiovisual information.” Those are just a few accommodations that every deaf person. The next step if a person is discriminated would be to contact Equal Employment Opportunity Commission and it will be
The medical side is simple; Deaf people have a physical problem, one that can be solved with science. From their point of view there is something to be fixed with Deaf people, and modern medicine has already provided a reasonable solution. On the other end the cultural side recognizes deaf culture as both historical and prevalent. Often they see deafness as not a disability, but merely another state of life. They don’t consider themselves or other Deaf people to be “broken,” in fact they find it almost offensive to imply that their state is a non-natural one.
Instead, it can give a Deaf person only a representation of sounds in the environment and help him or her to understand the speech. Of course, the implant can change lives, but it is an individual choice. If a Deaf person does not want it, the decision must be respected. Audists feel that they have to force cochlear implants on Deaf people regardless of whenever they want it or not. Why would someone prefer to stay deaf?
Deaf people who have experienced hearing and language skills previously, benefit much more from the implant because they do not have to learn new sounds or words. Although the cochlear implant can benefit deaf people greatly, there are still many disadvantages. Of the 15 million people in the U.S. with significant hearing loss. Less than 1% are potential candidates the the cochlear implant. There is no standardized criteria for accepting or rejecting a candidate, but they often need to meet audiological, medical, and psychological criteria.
Many people clearly promote sign language and others are definitely against the language. The Deaf should not be forced to speak or hear if it is against their wishes. Deaf individuals already have to live in a hearing world, so the hearing should do everything they can to make the minority feel welcomed instead of trying to change them. People who negatively criticize a certain type of art are often not educated enough on that specific topic. Every type of art is unique and incredible, but sometimes people fail to recognize the amazing qualities of a particular form of art.
American Sign Language(ASL) has been for many years the main way the deaf communicate and is also extremely important to the deaf culture. To the hearing world, being deaf was always considered a handicap and for that reason they came up with what is called a cochlear implant, causing great debate within the deaf culture. The invention of the cochlear implant has the deaf worried that their culture will be destroyed, while the hearing world find that it will better there lives, not realizing that this procedure is not a cure and will leave the deaf confused as to where they belong in society. While hearing aids amplify sounds so that a damaged ear can pick them up, cochlear implants send electrical signals directly to the nerves of the inner ear, via implanted electrodes and wires, and are used for people whose hearing loss is so profound that hearing aids are not effective ("Cochlear implants" n. pag) . They came about during the early 1980's and since then has caused a great deal of problems within the deaf community.
The cultural component of deafness experiences several oppositions. These oppositions include the cochlear implant, Deaf schools versus mainstream schools, and audism. Being a part of the tight-knit Deaf community, there are several oppositions and conflicting views. However, the Deaf community is so strong and prideful that these oppositions do not bring their culture down. The Deaf culture experiences controversies about the cochlear implant.
This research is varied but shows that there is little difference betw... ... middle of paper ... ...e by a parent who is not fluent in sign without any exposure to fluency in sign, the same risk applies for the child applies. For further research about whether sign or oral training is more beneficial, it would be helpful to look into how these effect all aspects of development, not just learning. The literacy difference in deaf children who are orally trained versus those who are fluent in sign language most likely differs greatly due to the fact that deaf children are required to use a written word that is not sign language based. Other factors such as literacy, not simple language development would make it more clear which strategy is more beneficial. In conclusion, there are advantages and disadvantages to both orally training and teaching sign to a deaf child.