Advantages And Disadvantages Of Older People

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This essay will describe how older people are more likely to be disadvantaged and socially excluded. Following by, how this can be challenged. Research which has been carried out will explain this statement further.
Social exclusion is outlined as being incapable to retrieve resources which society do not speculate. Older adults possibly will suffer with at least one of the common five disadvantages, including: access problems, health problems, low income, loneliness and low social support and finally being afraid of their local community after dark. Research shows if an older adult experiences two or more of the common disadvantages, they are more prone to be at risk to experience a poor quality life, and be socially excluded (Barnes et al,
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In addition, 17 per cent of older adults have no social support to rely on for day to day basis. Being unemployed, and living in an urban area and not keeping active is part of social exclusion, but can lead to depression. Nevertheless, the ageing theory defines the stages of which an older adult may experience. Starting with the activity theory occurring when the older adult embraces a full day of activity and continue with a moderate productivity. However, it is highly bias because it ignores the age of the person. Following on, the continuity theory is when the individual continues with their routines and lifestyles which they carried out in earlier life. On the other hand, there is the disengagement theory which is based on the individual withdrawing themselves from society. Risks of depression is highly capable when an older adult becomes disengaged because they become frustrated. The ageing theory is linked with the quality of life an older adult will overcome. The aspects of quality of life is defined as realisation (optimism, life satisfaction, disposition, energy) are related to the multiple common disadvantages.
Findings show, policy has to be challenged to overcome the social exclusion for older adults by focusing on 6 targets, including: older adults with physical and mental health issues,
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Older adults perceive as not wanted to take loans out to cover their household bills, as they would much prefer to stay debt free. They believe that they have to live with what they had, however, the section of older adults who were currently in debt found it hard to get back on track when they are on a low income. They become social excluded when they take ‘pains’ to ensure their household bills were covered. For example, older adults may go without holidays, going out with social groups, don’t replace the household goods and taking drastic changes by reducing their heating and energy costs. Older adults were highly concerned about the economic climate consistently changing, because they would struggle even further. Even the simple changes will make a large impact on their quality of life. Older adults demonstrate the tight reality life on their low income. The demands of cutting back is resulting in high social exclusion for older adults and making their lives misery. Limited incomes, limits the individuals carrying out activities they may want to carry out resulting in changed lifestyles.
Nevertheless, media influences the lives of older adults. Older adult abuse is highly promoted through media when it criticises the care provision, especially highlighting the neglect and abused experienced. Abuse can happen to anyone, however, it is prone to older adults because they are labelled as being vulnerable.

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