There are several initiatives that the Cincinnati Police Department (CPD) is engaged in that are related to community crime prevention. Social development is a key feature of these initiatives. CPD prides itself in using problem-solving approaches when combatting crime, and is heavily involved in youth engagement. The Police Chief has placed emphasis on targeting at-risk youth and bridging the gap between youth and police. The Chief also stresses the importance of a working relationship with community citizens as well as with businesses and city departments.
In a community effort to keep families safe, homes free of burglaries among other residential and environmental safeguards, citizens have taken the initiative to be pro-active in crime prevention efforts. Important goals such as the deterrence of crime, popular programs such as, Neighborhood Watch, have been established with the hopes to provide safer communities. According to Wilson, R., Brown T.H, & Schuster, B. (2009), “the Neighborhood Watch program is a popular community effort that encourages citizens to work with local law enforcement to report any suspicious criminal activities.” For the most part, neighborhood watch programs post signs in their residential areas to alert potential criminals from victimizing the area. Furthermore, Wilson, R., Brown T.H, & Schuster, B.
Detroit needs it 's community to be able to create a strong relationship between neighbors so they can feel safe and in control. If communities start neighborhood watches that will have a impact on criminals because they know certain areas will be supervised. That will make people in the community feel less afraid and more
In community policing, officers need to work with citizens to put a clamp on crime. In the past officers have tried to solve all the community issues on their own (Ortmeier, 2006). However, it came to be that officers who are essential to the citizens, was also vice versa. With community policing, it focuses on relationships of trust, with cooperation between both. The theme of community policing is that the law enforcement can be more attentive, proactive, and community sensitive (Greene, 2000).
and abroad. This strategy follows the research that a little chronic offending criminals who do most the crime and will be punished to stop the crime. This strategy can be used with crackdowns or specific target of groups of people and or gangs. This can be used by giving those who follow the rules social service and employment opportunities, which is where community policing could come in and serve the community after the criminal activity has been targeted. This can show the police are here to help as well as fight crime and the trust of the community won 't be lost after the crackdown.
Champion states there are several definitions to define community policing. 1. “[Community policing is] whenever citizens and police…band…together to fight crime.” 2. “Community policing is a police-community partnership in which the police and the community work hand-in-hand to resolve what the community identifies as ‘problems.’ They [problems] may concern abandoned houses, overgrown lots, zoning ordinances, school issues and other urban problems that are more appropriately in the realm of other agencies.” 3. “Community policing emphasizes the establishment of working partnerships between police and communities to reduce crime and enhance security.” 4.
Community oriented policing is a philosophy that directs police operation, management and strategies. The model emphasizes on establishing a partnership between community and police and solves problems that directly affect the needs of the involved community (Chappell, 2009). The model of policing promises that coordination between the police and community relations will assist to reduce crime and fear and improve relations between the two, facilitating faster responses to distress calls and routine calls for service. One of the significant objectives of the community based policing is to create a working partnership between the community and police (Alpert & Dunham, 1986). Additionally the community can evaluate problems and come up with solutions and implement the services that are genuinely community based.
Once that problem has been over came, then the agency can focus upon team work with their community to help solve crimes along with getting focused on other community concerns (Corsianos, 2011). Although this change is necessary in order to work efficiently together, the police officers will still continue to be proactive and aggressive on crime control but unlike in the past it will allow for the community to have an input. With the communities input, this lets them choose or help guide the department in where they believe the city and the organization needs to put its main effuses at. An example of this would be teen drug use and abuse in the schools. The department could go and set up a program with the school, unless they have a school resource
If the police are able to keep the community, and environment in order it can reduce crime (Wilson, & Kelling, 1989). Order maintenance needs to be prioritized in community policing which can improve social control (Wilson, & Kelling, 1982). Order maintenance is controlling minor crimes so that they do not turn into larger crimes. This order maintenance was made popular in broken-windows policing. Compstat was another police innovation that became popular in places like New York.
Also, it builds the image of police force in that the police end up being effective and reliable agents of fighting crime (Campbell police department, 2003). According to Kratcoski, and Edelbacher (2008), community policing definition carries four elements. These elements include: involvement of community members, being centered to the community, focus to the crime cause and solving problems, and redefinition of policing goals with the major goal being to improve the quality of life of the community members. The policing incorporates the philosophical and specific approach. On philosophy, it is assumed that the community members have eminent capability in preventing and curb... ... middle of paper ... ... further have a burden of establishing the various parameters of operation to meet the goals of community policing (Police executive research forum, n.d).