GMO Compass, 12 Nov. 2007. Web. 23 Mar. 2014. Pillips, Theresa, Ph.D. "Genetically Modified Organisms (GMOs): Transgenic Crops and Recombinant DNA Technology."
“Benefits and risks associated with genetically modified food products.” Annals of agricultural and environmental medicine. 2013. Web. 6 May. 2014.
A huge amount of scientists and doctors have concerns about GMO and the health threats they pose. The American Academy of Environmental Medicine (AAEM) did animal tests and reports that GMO dangers may include infertility, immune system disorders, accelerated aging, GI system changes, insulin regulation problems, and allergies. GM foods that are widely known are pineapples, strawberries and potatoes. GM foods are supposed to last longer, have more nutrients, taste better and more crops are harvested because the amount of food increases. There are some effects GM crops may have on the environment.
2014]. Ronald, P., 2011. Plant Genetics, Sustainable Agriculture and Global Food Security. Genetics, 188(1), pp.11—20. Who.int, 2014. WHO | 20 questions on genetically modified foods.
: Spinney Press. Isaaa.org. 2014. Global Status of Commercialized Biotech/GM Crops in 2012 - Pocket K | ISAAA.org. [online] Available at: http://www.isaaa.org/resources/publications/pocketk/16/ [Accessed: 23 Mar 2014].
The genetic modification of food is a very controversial subject around the world founded by Monsanto, a company involved in agricultural technology, in the 1980’s (Wikipedia). Since then, many other companies have also started to modify their food to avoid using pesticides. I define genetically modified foods (or GM foods) as foods produced from organisms that have had specific changes introduced into their DNA using the methods of genetic engineering (Wikipedia). There are many different views concerning GMOs and I will explore the ideological and ethical arguments associated with this subject. I will also analyse the global and national perspectives as well as my own, investigating what factors affect the decision of nations or individuals on whether GMOs are enriching or detrimental to health.
Scientists have been changing genomes of plants and animals by integrating new genes from a different species through genetic engineering, creating a genetically modified organism (GMO). Consumers in America have been eating GMOs since 1996, when they went on the market. There are benefits to genetically modifying crop plants, as it improves the crop quality and increases yield, affecting the economy and developing countries. But there are also negative effects from GMOs. Consumption of GMOs has various health effects on both body systems of animals and humans.
n.d. Possible benefits of GM crops in developing countries. [online] Available at: http://www.nuffieldbioethics.org/gm-crops-developing-countries/gm-crops-developing-countries-possible-benefits-gm-crops-developing-co [Accessed: 7 Apr 2014]. Qiu, J. 2013. Genetically modified crops pass benefits to weeds.
This species of soil-dwelling bacteria infects plant cells with a piece of its own DNA, and when it is integrated with the plant’s chromosome, it uses the plant’s own cells to proliferate the population of the bacteria. The way in which the bacterium does this is through the use of its bacterial chromosome and a plasmid, which is ... ... middle of paper ... ...info/articles/myths.html Murphy, Paul. (2004, May) Gene firm pioneers desert crops. Retrieved October, 23, 2004 from: http://www.guardian.co.uk/gmdebate/Story/0,2763,1221662,00.html Natural Environment Research Council (n.d.). GMOs and the Environment: Scientific certainties and uncertainties.
The use of genetically modified organisms in agriculture is on the rise. Many scientists debate that genetic engineering in the agriculture field is the best way to answer many issues pertaining to poverty, environmental harm, food security, and the necessity for increasing competition in sales. In the other hand, others raise ethical issues relating to the health of the people who consume these genetically modified food, the potential damage to the environment as well as the welfare of the farmers and their food security. Genetically Modified Organisms, short form (GMOs), refer to organism whose genome has been engineered in the laboratory in order to favour the expression of desired physiological traits or the production of desired biological products.1 The use of genetically modified organisms to improve the quality and production of agriculture is still an unanswered discussion topic. Biotechnology organizations are enthusiastically exploring in the research and development of new technologies that will improve food security and increase production of crops in both the developed and developing worlds.