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Advantages And Disadvantages Of Eugenics

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New technological advances are being mad every day, especially in genetics. With great innovations comes concerns whether it will have a good cause or be used for bad intentions. One of these is eugenics, the idea to improve genetic composition in humans most specifically in future fetuses. The idea started in 1883 by Sir Francis Galton who wanted to selectively breed humans using desired traits to create a perfect human race. This lead to many unethical moments in history such as the sterilization of unfit humans in the 19th century as well as Hitler’s use of eugenics during WWII. However, current use helps identify possible inherited diseases/conditions in unborn children and remove those traits from the DNA. Although eugenics has been used…show more content…
In a recent study by Editas Medicine, they are working with CRISPR to prevent a blinding disorder called “leber congenital amarurosis” which is a rare inherited disease (Knapton, 2015). This disorder is due to a defect in a gene that encodes for a protein that is essential for vision, using CRISPR they are able to cut out the mutated areas. This is one example on how modifying DNA can be beneficial and why it should be accepted. Many inherited disorders like cystic fibrosis or Tay-Sachs. With parents having genetic screen tests they can provide a better future for their children and prevent them from a life with a…show more content…
This alone can be beneficial and an advantage of eugenics. Parents can see the likelihood of their future children being born with a disorder and look into different options. They would be prepared to meet their child’s medical needs if they do want to conceive. Genetic modification can also allow parents to choose the sex of their child, this isn’t as beneficial but can be useful in countries like China where the number of offspring is limited. As well as gender, genetic modification can allow certain traits such as mental disorders to be