For years coal has been used to generate electricity for America; however it has contaminated our country more than ever. Even though coal is a huge industry it is full of accidents and hazards; workers have died of suffocation, gas poisoning, and gas explosions. Strip mining destroys the beauty of nature while also displacing animals; not only does it destroy the habit of animals it ruins the soil preventing future wildlife to grow. A forest or mining site has to be completely destroyed in order to begin mining; less trees and unstable ground result in future mudslides in surrounding areas. Coal mining leads to dirty river water which cost people more money to clean and filter; if the area wasn't mined before it would be cleaner and free of harmful toxins.
Also, recovery leads to discolored local creeks and rivers because of the acidic run-off of these waters (Lecture 3/11/02). Next, these resources must be transported all over the world, where they will go into the preparation and refining stage. During this stage, there is a risk that refuse or sludge will result from coal cleaning parts (Lecture 3/11/02). Also, air and water pollution may result from the process of petroleum refining, which involves the change of the chemical composition of petroleum to produce desirable chemicals and fuels. However, that means that the undesirable results are released to pollute the atmosphere.
Its sources are mainly from power stations and exhaust fumes. Like sulfur dioxide, these nitrogen oxides rise into the atmosphere and are oxidized in clouds to form nitric acid. Acid rain has drastic effects on our environment. It causes lakes and rivers to become acidic, killing off fish. Short-term increases in acid levels kill lots of fish, but the greatest threat is from long-term increases, which stop the fish reproducing.
Whether you believe it or not, this planet is not headed in the right direction. The key to surviving for any organism is adapting to the environment, and planet Earth could use some help in that department. There has been an exponential increase of pollution throughout the world, mainly due to the increase in fossil fuel burning, as well as the increase of associated air emissions. Burning fossil fuels is the most common way of creating energy. The main reason why fossil fuels are bad for our health is because burning them releases a number of extremely harmful gases, such as carbon dioxide and monoxide, sulfur oxides, nitrogen oxides, and hydrocarbons.
A large area of environmental pollution would cause the changes of the surrounding natural environment, reducing the natural environment of self－repair capacity, and also harmful for human health. Sustainable development is to develop themselves without prejudice to the development of the next generation of development needs, but because of excessive exploitation and destruction, human resources and living environment has been overwhelmed. It is not just the local environment, it extend to a global environment issue. The perils of factories and power station induced over emission of are now recognized much more widely. The CO2 and NOX entered the atmosphere from the burning of fossil fuels and coal, leading to damaging climate change.
If people eat the fish in contaminated water or drink contaminated water will get sick, too. Air contamination is another environmental problem caused by industrialism and progress. Industrial production is the major cause of it. Factories pollute the air with black smoke, which includes dust, oxides of sulfur and of nitrogen. As a result, haze will lay over cities and acid rain destroys trees and corrodes buildings.
These poisonous gases are being produced when fossil fuels are burnt, as a result of this acid rain forms which further more results in numerous problems damaging forests, lakes, rivers, land, plants and animals. The main culprits of burning fossil fuels are MEDC's, which insist on maintaining their high standards of living. What is acid rain? Rain is naturally acidic but the term 'acid rain' is usually referred to as rain, which has been made more acidic than it should be due to the atmosphere absorbing the gasses emitted from the burning of fossil fuels. The gases are oxides of nitrogen and sulphur.
These are some ways that coal mining contributes but the coal industry is full of disadvantages. As it proclaims to earth, the environment is drastically effected by coal. When we burn coal we emit harmful wastes including, carbon and sulfur dioxide, sulfuric acid, as well as nitrogen oxide. The release of CO2, from burning coal makes up 65% more carbon dioxide in the earth’s atmosphere. When industries mine for coal, they affect not only their employees’ health and safety but also the community and surrounding areas.
Acid rain is from the chemicals going up into the clouds combining with the rain droplets and then coming back down to the ground. When those acid droplets drop to the ground they harm the environment, the acid rain kills trees, harms animals and fish along with any other wildlife. Acid rain will destroy just about anything that it gets to, when the acid rain soaks into the soil it then will make an unfit habitat for the plants and the animals that live off those plants and have a home there. Air pollution called CFCs Have destroyed parts of the ozone layer which is the layer of the earth that keeps the harmful suns ultraviolet rays from coming in. Ultraviolet radiation causes skin cancer and damages plants and wildlife.
This destroys our ozone layer and brings in too much UV rays onto the earth. There are many things that harm the ozone layer such as; cow’s flatulent and belches, factory smoke and the exhaust from all vehicles. These things, when released into the air start to break down the ozone layer and causes global warming. If we can reduce how much of this toxic air, that is being released into our atmosphere, we can slow down the decomposition of the ozone layer. This is why recycling may help stop global warming.