Advantage Of Blood Transfusions

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Administration intravenously via IV catheter is the usual method of delivery of blood transfusions. However, blood products may be intraosseous administered if venous access is unable to be obtained, this is most common in canine puppies. The standard blood transfusion set includes in-line-blood filters. All blood products, including plasma transfusions should be administered utilizing an in-line filter. The proper infusion pump for the blood product being transfused needs to be selected. Warming, prior to use of stored red cell products, is not required. However, if stored red cell products are being administered to very small animals or neonates, warming is advisable. A warm water bath is a preferred method to thaw plasma products prior to…show more content…
A total of 2 ml of transfused whole blood/kg will typically increase the recipient canine’s PCV by 1%. PCV elevation also depends on the following factors; concurrently administered other fluids or colloids, and ongoing blood loss. The following are guideline transfusion rates; 10 to 22 ml/kg of whole blood is the typical transfusion volume most canine receipt will receive. And 6 to 12 ml/kg of fresh frozen plasma or packed red blood cells is the standard transfusion volume.1 In the event of emergency massive hemorrhage, blood products may be given as rapidly as possible. To decrease viscosity, 100 ml of 0.9% saline may be utilized by the veterinary professional to re-suspend packed red cells prior to transfusion. Cardiovascular status of the canine recipient will be a critical determining factor in the rate of administration of the blood product. • Guideline initial transfusion rate, for the first 20 minutes, is typically 0.25 – 1.0 ml/kg/h. • If the canine is tolerating the transfusion well, the guideline rate may be increased to a transfusion rate of 5-10ml/kg/h2. This rate will typically complete the transfusion within a 4 to 6 hours’ time…show more content…
A complete blood count, blood pressure measurements, packed cell volume, and total protein should be continuously monitored after the beginning of transfusion.2 Careful monitoring will allow for immediate awareness and treatment of transfusion reactions as well as evaluation of transfusion

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