To try and end their suffering, the German government printed more money, which in turn caused inflation and more problems. When the Great Depression hit Germany in the early 1930’s the German economy was in horrible shape. Many Germans were left unemployed, homeless and practically hopeless. The depression just added to German debts and despair. These economical conditions in Germany created a perfect scenario for Hitler to gain power and influence(Heck 124).
Hitler’s rise to power came from many different causes however, his reign as chancellor did not come immediately there were many long-term causes that played a key role within Hitler’s rise to power. Another key factor that played a role in Hitlers rise to power was after World War one as the treaty of Versailles took away Germanys colonies and forced them to pay 33billion dollars, to Britain and France. This debt in return completely bankrupted Germany and economically enslaved the people of Germany. Unemployment and inflation at the time was out of control. Ther German currency lost so much value that people were struggling to buy a simple loaf of bread.
The stock market crash and depression in the United States had spread world wide, and Germany felt a large portion of the blow. The debts from World War I had begun the economic crisis, but the depression only added to the problem. At that point in time, Germany was plagued with high inflation, and the value of the German mar was on the decline. Bread lines formed because of the food shortage leaving many people to go hungry. This economic state is one of the driving forces behind the successful takeover of the German state by the Nazi party.
The German people and lost all hope in the Weimar republic, and started looking for a radical change, brought forth party radical parties...the communists and the nazis. As a result of 1929, Hitler became remarkably popular. He made promises to the military and to industrialists saying that he would return Germany back to greatness once again. Hitler exploited the trust of the German public to its fullest during these times of hardship so he could gain the support he needed to gain full control of the German state. The weakness of the Constitution of the Weimar Republic significantly helped Hitler establish and develop the Nazi party.
“At the same time, the media allowed authoritarian rulers and would-be dictators such as Benito Mussolini, Joseph Stalin, and Adolf Hitler to shape uniform political thought and to control citizens’ behavior far beyond what previous rulers had been able to do” (Hunt & Martin, 829). Adolf Hitler has made a substantial effect on society during his time, and still has today. Hitler was possible due to a high-ranking authoritative position. Adolf Hitler made it seem as if he was going to make everything better. The economy during his time period was substandard.
Many Americans were struggling to survive in this time with prices rising, incomes lowering, and the unemployment rates rising. All money that was saved up in banks including all life savings were lost and that left people demoralized. This effect even went across the ocean affecting Germany. The loans going to Germany’s government became weak because they were unable to fix the poverty and destruction that was happening. This weakened government made it easier for Hitler to go into rule because the Germans longed for a president who could fix this issue.
The Reasons Hitler was Made Chancellor of Germany In Germany in 1933, Hitler's Nazis party was growing extremely popular with the Germans. This posed a problem for the current government, The Weimar republic who were losing popularity. Hitler promised things that the German people needed: Hitler offered a strong leadership, like that of the Kaiser, older Germans who were alive during the reign of the Kaiser, warmed to this type of ruling. Hitler promised the cancellation of the treaty of Versailles, which was still a subject which angered many people; many still held the signing of the treaty against the Weimar. Hitler's use of the SA forced people into voting for him.
For the Weimar Government, this caused great problems. It caused inflation, and the bankruptcy of many businesses who had borrowed money from the banks and Americans. Consequently, businesses laid off workers, resulting in huge unemployment which made the Weimar government extremely unpopular, made worse by Chancellor Brüning cutting welfare benefits in 1930 to counter the depression. This made the situation catastrophic for the unemployed, who would do anything to get back to work. These problems may have been solvable, but the German industry had also suffered greatly as there were less people working to produce.
Hitler’s meteoric rise to power came to be as a result of several factors all working to Hitler’s benefit. The first factor was Hitler’s ability to procure the role of undisputed leader of the Nazi’s. Luckily for Hitler, by this time the Nazis had pretty much assimilated other like-minded groups, such as the right individual strands of the volkisch. Hitler in his leadership role was able to promote his “agenda” to save Germany. The second factor was Hitler’s ability to use the circumstances of the day to his advantage, one of which was the German depression that began in 1929.
Big banks were in trouble as well, many investing recklessly in the stock market then losing it all when the stock market crashed in 1929. The fourth factor was Americas position in the international trade market. In the late 20's, Europe's demand for American goods began to decline, partly because their industry was becoming more productive and partially because their economy was destabilized from the international debt structure that emerged in the aftermath of WW1. The international debt structure was a fifth and final factor contributing to the Great Depression. At the end of the war in 1918, all the European nations that had been allied with the US owed large sums of money to American banks and could not repay them with their shattered economies.